Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Potential of Service-Learning on Students' Interpersonal Skills Development in Technical and Vocational Education

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Potential of Service-Learning on Students' Interpersonal Skills Development in Technical and Vocational Education

Article excerpt

Abstract

Developing students' Interpersonal Skills is a core element of any well-designed Technical and Vocational Education (TVE) particularly in this present era. This is couple with the fact that Interpersonal skills are among the crucial skills preferred in the world of work setting for the betterment of both employer and employee. Over the years, employers of labour have drastically observed decline in interpersonal capabilities of high school graduate for meeting the 21st century workplace's challenges. However, abundant literatures have indicated the potential roles of service-learning in providing students to achieve knowledge, cognitive skills (discipline specific Skills) and core employability skills specifically the interpersonal skills required in 21st century workplaces. It is on this regard that this library work shed light on the concept of interpersonal skills, concept of service-learning, influence of service-learning in TVE for improving students' interpersonal skills and the needs of interpersonal skills in TVE related job places. In conclusion, the paper discloses that the fact that there is crucial demand for TVE graduates to posses interpersonal skills and other work skills for effective job performance in the competitive global work environment, it was finally recommended that in order to ensure no skills gap, educators in TVE training institutions, should equip the forthcoming TVE graduates with the necessary skills for employment by lying more emphasize on renown and superior instructional pedagogies such as the Service-Learning.

Keywords: technical vocational education, service-learning, interpersonal skills

1. Introduction

Everywhere around the world, interpersonal skills have been considered as a very important human springhead for both individual and work place development particularly in the current reality of life. In light with the above, researchers in many fields of studies have recommends for the needs to provide trainees in high school with this skill. In addition, several departments of labour in both developed and developing nations in most parts of the world have identified and recommend the teaching of these employability skills including interpersonal skills by integrating them into their school curriculum. Therefore, it deemed necessary for educators to ensure the transfer of these skills to the new generations of youth. Above all, the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization, (2008) lamented that this can assist countries especially the developing nation to build and reinforce their education for the ever changing world of work.

Interpersonal skills required by employers at the job place according to scholar and book Authors on interpersonal skills stated that this skills are mostly learn by workers/people on the basis of experience, through unscheduled and unintentional procedures of trial and error and a times this approach is successful but it can be unreliable and ineffective (Belbin, 1993; Berscheid, 1994; Hayes, 2002). However, employers of labour are currently complaining that fresh employed school graduate has to attend to a training on particularly modules that focuses on building interpersonal skill through behavioral changes before commencing work (Cline, 2005; Jameson, 2009; Griffin, 2009). This scenario avail in many continents and countries of the world, for example in United State there are programmes such as Club Houses, Individual Placement and Support (IPS), Sheltered Workshops, Transitional Employment Program, and Diversified Placement Approach (DPA) (Evans & Repper, 1999), in Asia Pacific Region have EQ training & Development, MMM training Solution, Green Jobs Network (AP Green Job), Industrial Relations Network (AP-IRNet), Youth Employment Network (AP Youth Net Work) (International Labour Organisation ILO, 2012), in Europe include Skills Funding Agency, skills off, Reed Learning, Gilwell Park, CIPD Training, Development Process Group (DPG), Inspirational Development Group (Training Zone, ND), in Africa comprised of vocational rehabilitation centres, Dubai consultancy training services (DCTS), Education and training (E&T), Enterprises-based development (EBD), Keybase training Solution and skills tree (African Directory of special training, 2005). …

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