Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Information Processing of Text in the System of Teaching Languages at Technical HEIs

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Information Processing of Text in the System of Teaching Languages at Technical HEIs

Article excerpt

Abstract

The present day level of the society informatization makes high demands on the level of information competence of specialists in all spheres, and one of the basic abilities lying in the basis of any professional activity is the ability to work with the text material. Today a specialist has to process great volumes of professional information. When working with special literature: scientific, technical, economic, juridical and other, a specialist is not only to quickly and correctly orient himself in the content but to possess the art of the information text processing. The aim of the text information processing is extracting useful and valuable information concerning a concrete problem, interpreting the content into more or less detailed form, depending on the practical value of information and its further use needs.

One of the key competences that are formed in practical classes at language departments when working with texts is a communicative competence supposing student's ability to interact with a text, to perceive information and to interpret it adequately, to develop an own statement. The problems arising in forming this competence are connected with the gap between the acquiring of theoretical base and forming of practical abilities and skills. Thus, the novelty of the study consists in the fact that there was undertaken an attempt to develop a methodology of working with a text in practical classes; it is necessary to teach working with information in the texts: to form a competence that supposes the ability to extract information, to analyze, to transform it, to use for solving problems.

Keywords: information, text, linguistic study, processing, competence, specialist, language, functioning, laws, linguistics

1. Introduction

In the Conception of reforming and modernizing the Republic of Kazakhstan education system for the period till 2020, there is underlined the necessity of developing a model of the future education permitting to form a mobile, dynamic, constructive specialist who knows his language and culture, the world languages, and is able to make independent decisions in the situation of choice. In this connection there arises the matter of improving specialists training quality, the importance of the education content and technology refreshment, particularly the language one.

Since students of technical HEIs possess insufficient abilities permitting to satisfy their information needs, the search for new technologies in language training of technical HEIs graduates attracts attention of native and foreign scientists.

In present day conditions of continuous education, at the level of the latest achievements in the field of linguistic science, there takes place the reconsideration of the information analysis procedure. The development of information technologies opens huge prospects for specialists in the field of linguistic studies. A text is the basic object of a linguistic study. "The main, general aim of developing a text (any one) is information. Any text contains some information. The general amount of information contained in the text is presented as its information intenseness" (Valgina, 2003).

From the linguistics point of view (I.R. Galperin's theory), the understanding of a text is the reading of various types of text information: "substantial-factual" (information of facts, events...), "substantial-subtextual" (latent information), "substantial-conceptual" (author's thoughts, emotions that are reflected in the text reckoning upon readers' understanding) (Galperin, 2007). In the works of such scientists as Granik, G.G., Shapovalov, S.A., Sobolev, O.V. (Granik, et al.), there is defined the problem of understanding text and it solution ways. In publications of the PISA-2009 international study, in the site "Center of education quality assessment IOSO RAS", there are opened modem approaches to overall understanding, the connection of understanding with education, creative work (Publication of the international study PISA, 2009). …

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