Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Educational Development of NGO Beneficiaries in Bangladesh: A Disjunction between Programmes and Implementation

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Educational Development of NGO Beneficiaries in Bangladesh: A Disjunction between Programmes and Implementation

Article excerpt


This study examines the relationship between NGO programmes and their clients' educational development. NGOs play a very significant role with a view to achieving their development goal. Developing countries consider education as the key aspect for their socio-economic development. The study focuses on this perspective and asks the relationship between NGOs' socio-economic and training programmes (by Kirkpatrick's training taxonomy) and educational development of their beneficiaries. A quantitative research approach was employed to investigate this relationship. A total of 300 responses from three leading NGOs were analysed using multiple regression analysis. The results suggest that NGOs' informal education and two training dimensions (learning and behaviour) contribute significantly to their clients' education while health, micro-credit, and the other training dimensions (reaction and result) have on effect. These findings have implications for strategic roles of NGOs also for future research in filling the gap between their programmes and implementation.

Keywords: NGOs, health, education, micro-credit, training, socio-economic development

1. Introduction

In the year 2000, 189 UN member states set eight millennium development goals (MDG), focused at human development that centered on the development of education, health, and income components to be reached by 2015. In the way of achieving these, developed nations have been contributing their aid to poor nations. However, the recent Human Development Report (HDR) stated that for the past 15 years there has been a low quantity of development aid and less relationship with the targeted development. Moe (2008) found that foreign development assistance is targeted to support socio-economic development and has significant positive association with human development. So, readdressing the aid mechanism through extensive socio-economic programmes of the foreign development organisations, especially non-government, is an urgent priority of the recipient countries. The quality and effectiveness of development organisations will have a direct impact on the success on those development programmes, particularly on education sector.

A few studies conducted on the educational development, mostly in a top-down fashion where NGOs' own target and efficacy for their donor organisations are highlighted and beneficiaries' demand is neglected. On the other hand, NGOs' aid allocation for poverty alleviation as the means of economic development is extremely scarce (Dreher, Mölders, & Nunnenkamp, 2010), initiated for other than socio-economic purposes (Alesina & Dollar, 2000; Katayama, 2007), consequently, brought insignificant development in Bangladesh (Fmttero & Gauri, 2005). There has been a lack of empirical studies of the effectiveness of development aids, through non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and its impacts on educational development in Bangladesh, and not much is known about it. Training is the intermediary means to materialise the NGO intervention in the implementation of development programmes among their beneficiaries. In order to improve development programmes of NGOs, this study conducts an empirical investigation into the relationship between the select-NGOs' training programmes and educational development of NGO beneficiaries. The findings and results of this study will benefit major key stakeholders, including donors, and NGO decision-makers of the recipient countries who play a major role in the development process. Human resources (HR) managers and NGO decision-makers in Bangladesh have been challenged to report the programme effectiveness of training. This article explores Bangladeshi NGO experiences from a cross-sectional perspective to understand better training evaluation issues towards educational development of their beneficiaries.

2. Literature Review

2.1 Development and Socio-economic Development

In measuring the socio-economic development, a number of indicators prevailed in development studies which constitute influence on the development of NGO beneficiaries. …

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