Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Update

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Update

Article excerpt

Recent advances in clinical research suggests that the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) can be reliably made in the second year of life and even earlier. When these diagnoses are made by well- trained clinicians, they appear to be relatively stable overtime. However, diagnosis of very young children can be quite complex due to their clinical heterogeneity and varying patterns of onset that can differ from the typical autism symptoms of an older child. Early symptoms of ASD often co-occur with marked developmental and speech delays, making it challenging for the clinician to decide how much the observed social-communication deficits exceed delays in other developmental domains.

The diagnostic process early in development is often complex. Significant advances in recognizing the early behavioral markers of ASD have been obtained through the use of retrospective videotape analysis, parental report, and numerous recent studies on high-risk infant siblings. The development of standardized tests for ASD diagnosis for this age group, along with the use of developmental and adaptive skills assessments have led to accurate early diagnosis of ASD. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.