Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Adolescent Depression

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Adolescent Depression

Article excerpt

Child and adolescent major depressive disorder (MDD) and dysthymia disorder (DD) are common, chronic, familial, and recurrent conditions that usually persist into adulthood. Depressed adolescents frequently have poor psychosocial, academic, and family functioning, which highlights the importance of early identification and prompt treatment. Both psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy have been found to be beneficial for the acute treatment of youth with depressive disorders. Antidepressants must be considered for those patients with psychosis, severe depressions, and those who do not respond to an adequate trial of psychotherapy. Bipolar depression may respond best to second generation anti-psychotic agents. All patients need continuation therapy and most patients may require maintenance treatment. Further research is needed on the etiology of depression; the efficacy of different types of psychotherapy; the differential effects of psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and integrated therapies; the continuation and maintenance treatment phases; treatment for dysthymia, treatment-resistant depression, and other subtypes of MDD; and preventive strategies for high-risk children and adolescents

This presentation offers an overview of depression in adolescents with a focus on some of the studies on psychotherapy and pharmacogenetics that have been done at SCMCI. …

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