Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Intellectual Disability and Dental Issues

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Intellectual Disability and Dental Issues

Article excerpt

Oral hygiene and dental care is often neglected in persons with intellectual disability and good dental care can be difficult to acquire. Periodontal and dental diseases are common and can be a source of discomfort, fever and challenging behaviors, especially because of communication difficulties. Hospitalization and treatment in general anesthesia may be necessary to provide adequate dental care, when outpatient care is impossible. Physicians should emphasize regular dental evaluations and consider mild sedation for outpatient dental visits. Evidence supports the need to develop strategies to increase patient acceptance for routine care, additional training for dentists to provide this care and the development of more effective preventive strategies to minimize the need for this care. This presentation is based on the provision of dental service to people with intellectual disability in Israel during the past 30 years. …

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