Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Responsiveness to Problem Solving Skills Training in Mothers of Children with Cancer

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Responsiveness to Problem Solving Skills Training in Mothers of Children with Cancer

Article excerpt

Significant levels of psychological distress have been documented in parents, particularly mothers, of children with cancer, at times exceeding the distress levels observed in the child-patient. The parent's pivotal role in determining child-patient, sibling, and family adjustment to the crisis of the cancer diagnosis and treatment, as well as their central role in decision making, navigating the medical system and ensuring medical compliance, necessitate the development of effective interventions to meet their psychological needs under these critical circumstances. Problem Solving Skills Training (PSST), a brief psychological intervention that has been tested in randomized trials involving over 900 participants, has been demonstrated to reduce negative affectivity and posttraumatic stress symptoms in mothers of children with newly diagnosed cancer. It has proven superior to usual psychosocial care and has also been shown to have better long-term outcomes when compared to non-directive supportive counseling.

The current study focuses on predicting responsiveness to PSST. Data are based on a sample of 217 mothers of children with newly diagnosed cancer who were assessed pre-intervention (Tl), post- intervention (T2), and at three month follow-up (T3). …

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