Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Treating Chronic Pain in Adolescents

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Treating Chronic Pain in Adolescents

Article excerpt

As chronic pain has become identified more frequently in the adolescent population, its treatment has become more of the focus of care in adolescents in general. This presentation will briefly review some of the pathophysiology involved in pain management, where the guiding principle for chronic pain treatment is the biopsychosocial model. This model embraces the fact that pain is not just a sensation, but is an experience that is modified by both psychological and social factors in addition to the physical stimulus. As such, the biopsychosocial model is not such a bad structure for the care of any chronic illness. And it is as a chronic illness that we treat chronic pain in adolescents. In order to demonstrate the rationale behind the biopsychosocial model for pain care, we will present three classic pain conditions: Fibromyalgia, complex regional pain syndrome and functional abdominal pain. …

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