Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Prevalence of Developmental Delay in Ultra-Orthodox Preschool Boys: Possible Interventions

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Prevalence of Developmental Delay in Ultra-Orthodox Preschool Boys: Possible Interventions

Article excerpt

This presentation includes a description of the study results conducted among 203 ultra-orthodox preschool boys from low socioeconomic (SES) in Israel. We found a higher percentage of children who were at risk and/or with developmental delay in gross motor and motor-cognitive skills as compared with the percentage reported in the literature. Our findings are consistent with the research literature suggesting that children's cultural background and economic constraints can affect their motor and cognitive development. Thus, occupational therapists and other health professionals should be more culturally competent and more aware of the specific values and practices of families of children with whom they work, which can impact their development.

We also report the results of a preschool-based multidisciplinary intervention program, that focused on improving basic skills and participation in daily activities, among 81 ultra-orthodox preschool boys which took place in two ultra-orthodox educational settings. At termination of intervention, all children in the intervention group scored significantly better than control children (whose teachers only received in- service on child development) on most basic skills and more fully participated in preschool activities. …

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