Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Epidemiological Trends in the Use of Methylphenidate among Children in Israel

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Epidemiological Trends in the Use of Methylphenidate among Children in Israel

Article excerpt

Objective: To characterize the use of methylphenidate (MPH) in the treatment of ADHD in the pediatric age group in terms of prescription trends and the demographic features of the users.

Methods: The details of all prescriptions for MPH filled during 2011, in both the Sharon-Shomron and Dan-Petah Tiqva regions, were drawn from the data base of the Clalit Health Services. The study included children age 6-18 years, who were residents of these areas and had received at least one prescription for MPH during the year. To determine prescription patterns over time, data for the year 2007 in the Sharon-Shomron region were also drawn. Demographic characteristics of gender and family SES, based on clinic location, were also culled from the data base. Since neighborhoods in Israel tend to clearly segregate along demographic lines, nine locations were specifically selected from the Dan- Petah Tiqva region to participate in the study, in order to compare prescription trends based on SES, religious affiliation and ethnicity.

Results: The 119,913 children of the Sharon- Shomron region were surveyed. Of these, 9,025 received prescriptions for MPH, at an overall one year prevalence rate of 7.52%, with 10.8% in Jewish children and 2.54% in Arab children, representing a four-fold difference. Overall prevalence for the year 2007, by comparison, was 3.9%, 6% among Jewish children and 0.06% among Arab youngsters. According to the type of settlement in the Sharon- Shomron area for 2011, MPH usage ranged from 18. …

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