Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Religious Concepts among Individuals with Intellectual Disability: A Comparison between Adolescents and Adults

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Religious Concepts among Individuals with Intellectual Disability: A Comparison between Adolescents and Adults

Article excerpt

This study compared behavioral, cognitive, and motivational components of religiosity among 54 Jewish adolescents (aged 13-21 years) and 35 adults (30-60 years) with intellectually disability (ID) (IQ=40-69). A special questionnaire was constructed based on Goldman (1965), Reiss (2000) and others. A different pattern was found between the age groups. The adolescents fulfilled Jewish commandments to a greater extent than the adults. Social psychology theories regarding religion change/stability over the lifecycle can serve as an explanation for these findings. The cognitive component was measured using a Piagetean type scale. The scores in prayer efficacy and providence of God were significantly higher among the adults than among the adolescents. The adults also exhibited a more mature motives of fulfilling commandments (dependence on God) than the adolescents. …

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