Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Scoliosis in Rett Syndrome and the Proprioceptive System: Findings and Directions for Intervention

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Scoliosis in Rett Syndrome and the Proprioceptive System: Findings and Directions for Intervention

Article excerpt

Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neuro-developmental disorder which mainly affects females, and is considered the second most common severe genetic disability in females, the first being Down syndrome. About 100% of diagnosed individuals develop a neuromuscular scoliosis of unknown origin. Clinical experience suggests that the proprioceptive system has a key role in the development of scoliosis in this group of clients.

Aim: To assess the significance of the proprioceptive system in scoliosis in individuals with RTT

Participants: Ten individuals diagnosed with RTT.

Procedure: All participants received a randomly applied, slight proprioceptive stimulus, with and against the direction of the scoliosis, to the head and thorax. The participants were videotaped during the process. Reaction to the stimulus was analyzed through the use of Facial Action Coding System (FACS) and the Pain and Discomfort Scale (PADS).

Results: Statistically Significant differences in reaction (P<0. …

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