Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

A Screening for Genetic Diseases or Syndromes in People with Intellectual Disability in Israel

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

A Screening for Genetic Diseases or Syndromes in People with Intellectual Disability in Israel

Article excerpt

In the past few decades advances in human genetics, especially with the Human Geneome Project, have brought new discoveries and knowledge about the genetic causes for intellectual and developmental disability. New technology have and will make it easier and cheaper to diagnose genetic disease and eventually also enable the clinician to used targeted medications for specific diseases and individuals. A large portion of the 10,000 people with intellectual disability in Israel living out of home in residential care centers, hostels and group homes have not been tested or screened genetically, many because of their age and at the time of their birth or assessment modern genetic technology was not available. A targeted genomic approach of this whole population would therefore be beneficial for the individual, the family and also for the care staff. We also believe that such a large screening project will discover new syndromes and enhance further our knowledge about the genetic causes for intellectual disability. …

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