Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Specific Breakfast Patterns Are Associated with Lower Measures of Overweight/obesity in Children: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Specific Breakfast Patterns Are Associated with Lower Measures of Overweight/obesity in Children: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008

Article excerpt

Children consuming breakfast generally have lower body mass indices than breakfast skippers; however, little is known about the relationship of specific types of breakfast on weight status or the risk of overweight/obesity. Cluster analysis using 2001-2008 National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey data identified 12 breakfast clusters in children 2-18 years of age (n=14,200). Covariate-adjusted leastsquare means ± SE were calculated for body mass index (BMI) for age and BMI z-scores were determined for participants consuming each breakfast pattern. Statistical differences were determined via Bonferroni corrected t-tests (p<0.05/12 = p<0.0042) compared to the No Breakfast pattern. Logistic regression was used to determine if consumers of the individual breakfast patterns had a lower odds ratio of being overweight or obese. A higher percentage of normal weight children consumed breakfast than overweight/obese children (83.4±0.7% v 76.6±1.0%; p<0.001). Only children consuming Grain/Lower Fat Milk (LFM) (19.7±0.1, 0.4±0.04), Pre-sweetened (PS) ready-to-eat cereal (RTEC) (19.3±0.3, 0.2±0.08), RTEC/Whole Milk (19.3±0.2, 0.15±0.06), or Cooked Cereal/Milk/Fruit Juice (19. …

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