Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

The Early Origins of Stress Regulation in Childhood

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

The Early Origins of Stress Regulation in Childhood

Article excerpt

Why some but not all children are equally affected by early life experiences remains a pressing question for clinicians, researchers and parents alike. The capacity to regulate stress, thereby setting pathways critical to health, stress-sensitive cognition and behavior, across the lifespan takes shape early in life. To understand how such critical processes unfold, this symposium will focus on three key factors that influence the early origins of stress regulation, spanning prenatal, preterm and early infant periods. These include mother's mental health during pregnancy and treatment with antidepressants, environmental painrelated stress in following very preterm birth, and the effects of early parenting. Importantly, each of these events influences neurochemical signaling systems (i.e. serotonin and oxytocin) that influence the development and function of stress regulatory systems. …

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