Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Self-Harm and Suicidal Behaviors in Hong Kong Adolescents over Time: Prevalence and Correlates

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Self-Harm and Suicidal Behaviors in Hong Kong Adolescents over Time: Prevalence and Correlates

Article excerpt

Adolescent self-harm and suicidal behavior commonly co-exist with other forms of adolescent psychological developmental problems. However, despite their importance and the rising adolescent suicide rates in Hong Kong, few studies have been conducted to examine the related phenomena.

The present study examined the prevalence and correlates of adolescent deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicidal behavior in a representative sample of junior secondary school students in Hong Kong (N = 2,500+ in Grade 7 to Grade 9 over time). The selfharm behavior under examination included cutting wrist, burning oneself, carving words or pictures into skin, scratching and biting oneself, rubbing sandpaper on body, dripping acid onto skin, using bleach or other chemical materials to scrub skin, sticking sharp objects and rubbing glass into skin, breaking bones, banging head against something to cause a bruise to appear, preventing wounds from healing, and other self-harm behaviors. Participants' suicidal behaviors were measured by a four-item SBS in terms of three aspects: suicidal thought, suicidal plan, and suicidal attempt. …

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