Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Sensory Processing in Vitamin B1 Deficient Infants

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Sensory Processing in Vitamin B1 Deficient Infants

Article excerpt

A retro-prospective cohort study was conducted to investigate the sensory processing profiles of 320 preschool age children, aged 3-5 years, who had been exposed to thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency in infancy due to feeding with soy-based formula accidentally deficient of thiamine. The study examined whether subclinical B1 deficiency, during the first year of life, increased the risk of exaggerated or inappropriate response to benign sensory input (sensory processing disorder, SPD).

Methods: Four subgroups were created: "exposed" consuming B1-deficient soy-based formula exclusively for four consecutive weeks or longer; "control" consuming no soy-based formula; "mixed" consuming B1-deficient soy-based formula nonexclusively or exclusively for less than four consecutive weeks and "other" consuming other soybased formula adequate in B1.

Results: A significantly higher proportion of children with atypical sensory processing as measured by parental reports on the sensory profile were observed in the 'exposed' subgroups (28.7%) as compared to the 'control' subgroup (13.5%). A significantly higher proportion of atypical sensory processing was observed in the all the subgroups of children fed with a soy based formula ('exposed' (28. …

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