Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Associations between Sensory Modulation Disorder and Tourette Syndrome

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Associations between Sensory Modulation Disorder and Tourette Syndrome

Article excerpt

Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a developmental neuropsychiatric disorder involving tics and sensory phenomena. Most children with TS (60%-80%) suffer from co-existing attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety and depression. There is evidence that children with TS may have sensory modulation disorder (SMD) which is characterized by sensory over or under responsiveness to a range of stimuli in several modalities. Despite the possible diagnostic and therapeutic implications of the exact association between these two disorders, this subject has not been studied in depth yet.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of SMD in TS and to compare the quality of life between TS with and without SMD. Method: 92 children, aged 7-18 years, diagnosed as TS/chronic tic disorder, were assessed for tics (by the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale; YGTSS), SMD (by the Short Sensory Profile; SSP), ADHD (by the Conner's questionnaire), OCD (by the Children Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale; CY-BOCS), anxiety (by the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders; SCARED), depression (by the Children Depression Inventory; CDI) and Quality of Life.

Results: 35% (32/92) of TS children were also diagnosed as definite SMD, with an additional 15% (14/92) suspected of having SMD. …

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