Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Sensory Modulation Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Academic journal article International Journal of Child Health and Human Development

Sensory Modulation Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Article excerpt

Differential diagnosis between SMD and ADHD is often challenging, since these disorders occur at a high rate of co-morbidity and share several clinical characteristics. Preliminary studies providing evidence that these are distinct disorders have focused solely on body functions using laboratorial measurements. Moreover, no studies have compared participation profiles of these populations. This study is the first to compare the profiles of these populations regarding both "participation" and "body functions" (attention and sensation) using measures applicable for clinical use.

Methods: The study included nineteen children with ADHD without SMD, and 19 with SMD without ADHD (diagnosed by both paediatric neurologists and occupational therapists), aged six to nine, matched by age, gender and maternal education. All children underwent a broad battery of evaluations. The Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and The Participation in Childhood Occupations Questionnaire were used to evaluate participation. The Sensory Processing Measure, Fabric Prickliness Test and Von Frey Test to evaluate sensory processing components, and the Test of Everyday Attention for Children to evaluate attention components. …

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