Academic journal article International Public Health Journal

Health Promotion to Improve Quality of Life and Prevent Depression and Anxiety

Academic journal article International Public Health Journal

Health Promotion to Improve Quality of Life and Prevent Depression and Anxiety

Article excerpt

The World Health Organization defines health promotion "as the process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve, their health". It moves beyond a focus on individual behaviour towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions, but discussions on how to define health promotion already emerged in the 1970s from the Lalonde report in Canada, which contained a health promotion strategy "aimed at informing, influencing and assisting both individuals and organizations so that they will accept more responsibility and be more active in matters affecting mental and physical health".

Health promotion and health service using socioecological approach has been effective to promote mental, physical health, improve social functioning and social support in a range of population group. Socio-ecological approach addresses the importance of the interaction between individual level characteristics, families, institutions, and community support to promote health to optimal level.

There is an increasing evidence to indicate promoting resilience at both individual and organisation levels is important to help with individuals to cope daily stress, challenges, and buffer the adverse effects of distress, abuse and neglect, psychological traumatic events, and diseases. The key concepts of resilience promotion are structured around self-esteem, self-efficacy, optimistic, goal orientation, autonomy, and ability to seek social and environmental support. These concepts play important role in improve quality of life, chronic disease conditions, increasing exercise level, and reduction of risk health behaviours. …

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