Academic journal article Review of Management

Migrant Workers in Globalized India: Issues and Concerns

Academic journal article Review of Management

Migrant Workers in Globalized India: Issues and Concerns

Article excerpt

Introduction

Globalisation panoramically refers to the extension and expansion of global linkage, the organization and institution of social living on a global parameter and the growth of global consciousness, and hence to the consolidation of world society.1 In popular discourse, globalisation often functions as little more than a synonym for one or more of the following phenomena: the pursuit of classical liberal (or "free market") policies in the world economy ("economic liberalization"), the growing dominance of western (or even American) forms of political, economic, and cultural life ("westernisation" or "Americanisation"), the proliferation of new information technologies (the "Internet Revolution"), as well as the nation that humanity stands at the threshold of realizing one single unified community in which major sources of social conflict have vanished ("global integration")."2 India also follows the line of Globalisation. Since economic liberalization, free market was taking their toll in Indian souk; the capital starts to stream like casino. Social theorists of globalisation always intended to develop such assumption that it provides good opportunities to the skilled worker, but for non-skilled workers globalisation will always a threatening discourse. This is to some extent is the outcome of what usually called "neo-liberal globalisation". "Neo-liberal globalisation" means the aggressive pervasion of all human relations and living conditions according to the requirements of capital realisation (or utilisation). That is why countless people, directly or indirectly, forced to set off from the regions of economic depression and political crisis - in other words, they thinned out zones of globalisation - to other areas in search of a secure existence, of work, protection, income and human living perspectives. The nub of my paper is to emphasize the shoddier conditions of migrant worker and Indian government initiatives (if any) to provide them basic workers' right or protect their human rights.

Understanding Migration

Migration, both domestic, between rural and urban areas, and transnational, between states, is a regional phenomenon directly related to the demands of globalisation. A long- term migrant leaves his or her country of residence for at least a year and the destination country become the new country of residence.3lt has an alarming impact on the family life and communities so important to local cultures. Transformed by the market, families and communities often can no longer provide personal security. The result is a host of rights problems pertaining to women, migrants, and even families, which challenge the current discourse and protection regimes and place greater demands on the state to provide a personal safety net for its citizens or to assist families and communities in doing so.

The growing pace of economic globalisation has created more migrant workers than ever before. Unemployment and increasing poverty have prompted many workers in developing countries to seek work elsewhere, while developed countries have increased their demand for labour, especially unskilled labour. As a result, millions of workers and their families travel to countries other than their own to find work. Migration is fundamentally poverty- driven, and no law has been shown to cure poverty or alleviate it. If the real issue at hand is poverty and a disappearing safety net for vulnerable peoples, should the rights regime give more weight to the controversial right to development? Certain social problems, such as the plight of migrants, while deriving from current development demands around the region appear to find part of their solution in successful economic development.4

According Todaro5 the motives of migration can be classified into push (which emphasize on the situation at the origin, that is, place from which migration started) and pull factors (which emphasize on the situation at the destination), respectively. …

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