Academic journal article English Language Teaching

Teaching Vocabulary: The Relationship between Techniques of Teaching and Strategies of Learning New Vocabulary Items

Academic journal article English Language Teaching

Teaching Vocabulary: The Relationship between Techniques of Teaching and Strategies of Learning New Vocabulary Items

Article excerpt

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the techniques of teaching new lexis which are adopted by non-native teachers of English language. It also aims to investigate the strategies of learning new lexis which are adopted by learners in relation to their level. The work is based on two hypotheses: It is hypothesized that there is a relationship between the techniques and strategies which are used for teaching and learning new English lexis.lt is hypothesized that the level of learner, might not affect his or her choice for a particular strategy. To test these hypotheses, the researcher has chosen a purposive sample: the pupils of the seventh class, the eighth class and teachers of English language at the Basic level schools, in the River Nile State, Sudan, in the school year 2014. The instruments which were used to collect data, were two questionnaires (a teachers' version and a pupils' version). To analyze and interpret the data percentages and Chi Square were used. The results showed that there is a relationship between the techniques of teaching and the strategies of learning new lexis.The chi-square test showed that, the results were statistically significant at level 0.05 and this supports the second hypothesis that the learner's stage of learning does not affect his or her choice of a particular strategy.

Keywords: vocabulary, teaching techniques, learning strategies

1. Introduction

Teaching and learning vocabulary have been covered mainly by educationalist and linguists. They set up the main frame of teaching and learning new vocabulary.

There are certain techniques of teaching vocabulary and strategies for learning vocabulary. These have been well known and accepted as one of the most important features for learners. Teaching and learning vocabulary have received much discussion by researchers as well as by linguists, and have been in focus among researchers.

This research attempts to find out the relationship between techniques, which are adopted by language teachers for teaching new vocabulary and strategies, which are adopted by learners for the same purpose, focusing in particular on pupils of the basic level schools. The researcher hopes that this study will be of value to those who are interested in the area of teaching and learning vocabulary.

1.1 Objectives

1) To identify the techniques of teaching new vocabulary, which are used by Sudanese language teachers.

2) To identify the strategies of learning new lexis, which are adopted by learners in relation to their level (Basic Level).

3) To find out if there is a relationship between the techniques used by teachers and strategies that are adopted by learners.

1.2 Questions

The study attempts to answer the following questions:

1) Is there any relationship between the techniques used by language teachers in teaching vocabulary and the strategies that are used by learners for learning new English lexis?

2) Does the learners' level of language education affect their choice of a learning strategy?

1.3 Hypotheses

It is hypothesized that there is a relationship between the techniques which are used for teaching new English lexis and the type of strategy that is used by learners for learning new vocabulary items. It is also hypothesized that the level of the learner might not affect his or her choice for a particular strategy.

1.4 Significance of the Study

The study is expected to contribute to the field of applied linguistics in general and the areas of language teaching and learning in particular.

2. Literature Review

This section deals with some theoretical background to lexis since the main focus of the study is vocabulary.

2.1 Importance of Vocabulary in Learning English Language

For many years vocabulary has been undervalued in the field of second language teaching and learning, but the last decades have seen a change of attitude towards vocabulary. …

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