Academic journal article English Language Teaching

Towards an Analysis of Review Article in Applied Linguistics: Its Classes, Purposes and Characteristics

Academic journal article English Language Teaching

Towards an Analysis of Review Article in Applied Linguistics: Its Classes, Purposes and Characteristics

Article excerpt

Abstract

The classes, purposes and characteristics associated with the review article in the field of applied linguistics were analyzed. The data were collected from a randomly selected corpus of thirty two review articles from a discipline-related key journal in applied linguistics. The findings revealed that different sub-genres can be identified within the applied linguistic review article genre. Three main types of review articles were therefore identified based on the analysis of linguistic devices often used by the authors, their communicative purposes, and the specialist informants' feedback: (1) the bibliographic review article which gives readers a comprehensive and descriptive record of annual works and it encompasses the literature-oriented approach, (2) the critical evaluative review article which encompasses subject-oriented approach, that is to say it identifies an idea or raises a research problem, then gives its solution by analyzing and evaluating the selective works done before in the related field, and finally it suggests a new direction, and (3) the mixed-mode review article which has the twin roles and encompasses both literature-oriented and subject-oriented approaches. A possible colony of review genre was suggested and this study further examined some of the characteristics and purposes associated with the review articles. The classification continuum, purposes, characteristics, and linguistic devices of the review articles proposed thus provide useful guidance for graduate EFL (English as a Foreign Language) students and novice writers how to monitor and make use of the review articles during their research writing.

Keywords: review genres, academic review genres, review article, critical evaluative review, mixed-mode review, bibliographic review

1. Introduction

Review genres are normally written texts or part texts that can provide suitable places for expression of personal ideas, attitudes, and evaluations. It is important to note that authors in review genres are involved in arguing their ideas and expressing their judgment and evaluations. The authors of review genres not only provide an overview and a clear picture of their outcomes based on their own viewpoints but also supply an evaluation of the outcomes and contrast others' viewpoints. As a matter of fact, review genres make a room for the contributors and members in a community to construct a dialogue or an argument so that they could engage with each other through a dialogic interaction and argumentative debates in that room. Review genres might be classified into three groups namely: (a) Art Reviews, (b) Promotional Reviews, and (c) Academic Reviews. In the current study, Academic reviews have been emphasized due to its main focus. One of the key academic review genres that academic researchers need to master is the review article and its classification, categorization, and purposes. It not only provides an overview of works done before in the related field but also evaluates the works and researches skillfully with very critical eyes. In other words, one of the major functions of the review article genre is to evaluate the researches and researchers' contributions. Similarly, it can be stated that academic review genres in comparison with other academic genres are also following literature-oriented and subject-oriented approaches. The former approach provides an overview of the literature in the related fields or sub-fields and the latter one seeks to identify and raise an issue in the research and offers its solution by analyzing and evaluating the contributions, and finally it recommends new directions or trends. It is a fact that Academic Reviews play an important role in the life of academic researchers and scientific community members, and these types of reviews particularly the review article carries out distinctive functions. This type of genre (i.e., the review article genre) is somehow a neglected genre and its contribution has not received more attention in the literature (Hyland, 2000; Hyland & Diani, 2009; Motta-Roth, 1995; Swales, 2004). …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.