Academic journal article Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology

Personality Factors as Correlates of Emotional Maturity among Adolescents

Academic journal article Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology

Personality Factors as Correlates of Emotional Maturity among Adolescents

Article excerpt

In the present world, adolescents, in addition to daily rigors of life, are facing enhanced difficulties due to fierce competition, peer pressure, parental expectations, and so on. These difficulties are giving rise to many psychosomatic problems such as anxiety, tensions, frustrations and emotional upsets in day to day life. Emotions are great motivating forces throughout the span of human life; affecting aspirations, actions and thoughts of an individual. Adolescence is a period when the behavior getting influenced highly by the emotions. A healthy emotional development leads to emotional maturity. Emotional maturity can be understood in terms of ability of self-control which, in turn, is a result of thinking and learning.

Emotional maturity and social maturity are vital for attaining success and happiness in life. Social maturity is a term commonly used in two ways with reference to the behavior that conforms to the standards and expectations of the adults and secondly, with reference to the behavior that is appropriate to the age of the individual under observation. Botcheva et al. (2002) stated that adolescents reported decline in optimism, relative stability of depression and problem behavior because of the improvement in social maturity. The psychosocial context of adolescents is markedly different to that of children and adults. Relationships with peers, family and society go through distinct changes during this time. Adolescents begin to assert more autonomous control over their decisions, emotions and actions, and start to disengage from parental control. At the same time, the school context involves an intense socialization process during which adolescents become increasingly aware of the perspectives of classmates, teachers and other societal influences (Berzonsky & Adams, 2003). It can be assumed that while emotional maturity enables adolescents to make better decisions for life, good social adjustments determine, to a large extent, his social attitude throughout the adult years. In other words, it can be said that at the end of the adolescent period, the adolescent is expected to be socially and emotionally mature.

A person can be called emotionally mature if he is able to display his emotions in appropriate degree with reasonable control (Manoharan and Doss, 2007). According to Menninger (1999), "Emotional maturity includes the ability to deal constructively with reality". Singh (1990) stated that Emotional maturity is not only the effective determinant of a personality pattern but also helps to control the growth of an adolescent's development. A person who is able to keep his emotions under control, to brook delay and to suffer without self-pity might still be emotionally stunned. Skinner (2001) defined emotional maturity as "the degree to which the person has realized his potentials for richness of living and has developed his capacity to enjoy things, to relate himself to others, to love and to laugh, his capacity for whole heartedness. Thus, emotional maturity, in short, may also be defined as the ability of the person to assess a situation or relationship and to act according to what is best for oneself and for the other person in the relationship.

According to Walter (1976) emotional maturity is a process in which the personality is continuously striving for greater sense of emotional health, both intra-psychically and intra personally. Nelson (2005) in his research related to "Emotional Intelligence and Emotional Maturity" says that if we want our children to be emotionally mature, we must focus on their early childhood education, which affects certain level of social and emotional maturity.

A study by Hiremani, Khadi, Gaonkar and Katarki (1994) indicated that destitute girls were emotionally unstable due to socio-cultural and parental deprivation. Kumar (2012) found that there is no significant difference between the Emotional Maturity and Life Satisfaction of male and female college students of Education. …

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