Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Sustainable Campus: Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Performance Measurement for Malaysian Public Universities

Academic journal article European Journal of Sustainable Development

Sustainable Campus: Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Performance Measurement for Malaysian Public Universities

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) is one of die main criteria in a sustainable campus environment. IEQ becomes an important component in the assessment criteria of academic buildings at Higher learning institutions. The evaluation criteria for die measurement of eco-friendly building are Energy Efficiency, Indoor Environmental Quality, Sustainable Site Planning & Management, Materials & Resources, Water Efficiency and Innovation (Wan Yusoff & Wong Ru Wen (2014); GBI organization, 2010).

The concept of sustainability in the construction, development and management should be a priority to create a sustainable environment in creating harmonious atmosphere in die HEI campus. In addition, die sustainability of which is the construction and management of buildings diat feature green building. The concept of green building was first articulated in die early 1940s in a conference setting up by die United Nations Environment Program aimed at reducing global warming which was then ignited by the Industrial Revolution in Europe.

In Malaysia, the concept of green building is still new and still growing at an early stage, especially in higher education institutions. However, with the establishment of a mechanism called the Green Building Index (GBI) that an organization be evaluators, consultants and advisors in creating environmentally friendly buildings in Malaysia, bringing die concept of sustainability has been die main focus of the government. In GBI components, Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) represents 21% for nonresidential building assessment such as academic buildings (GBI Organization, 2010). This means diat die academic buildings need to be taken into account in die assessment of IEQ because apart from the building became the focus of die public, it also as an institution diat educated generation and die succession to die leadership quality, it must begin from quality classrooms.

Awareness of creating a conducive environment is growing concurrently widi researches diat have been done. A good environment not only provides comfort, but also have a great impact on the quality of healdi, productivity, psychology and occupational performance in a building. In reality, IEQ rarely given priority in most development planning and management, However, research shows diat, over 80% of human life, spent in die building, whether at work, school, recreational places and mostiy in dieir homes.

In fact, according to a study by Yuan Hui (2005), diere are certain number of people in die United States who spend time in the building for 23 hours and 15 minutes, or 97.7% of his life. However, only a small amount of knowledge and understanding about the importance of creating a healdiy indoor environment for building were occupied

To ensure diat the environment in die building is in good condition it is necessary that die occupants feel more comfortable and secure (Zainal, 2011). Unhealdiy buildings, certainly affects die health of die residents. Building-Related Illness exists and can be identified dirough clinical studies (Ghodish, 1995). IEQ imbalance is to contribute to a Sick Building Syndrome, i.e., die building is cannot be able to function well in terms of ventilation, relative humidity, lighting, etc. (EPA, 1991)

This affects the quality of health of staff and students, die economic life of die building, and also the equipment for die purpose of teaching and learning as described by Al- Sagoff, (1985) which states that unfavorable IEQ threaten the quality of teaching and learning activities. Student's achievement and teacher performance are often linked to environmental conditions and infrastructure available in a particular institution.

2. Issues

Most existing studies focused on single aspects of the environment. For example, previous research focused on die study of single aspect such as lighting, acoustics, diermal comfort and air quality. According to Ardeshir (2005), many studies linking environmental factors in qualitative approach and quite general. …

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