Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

The Survey of Viewpoint Waste Management for Developing Methods of Education

Academic journal article Iranian Journal of Public Health

The Survey of Viewpoint Waste Management for Developing Methods of Education

Article excerpt

Dear Editor-in-Chief

There is warning about ignoring the environment, in particular solid waste and the problem recently has been taken into consideration by the world (1). Since the generation process has a principal role in waste management, the generators place should not be ignored (2). Fast population growth, indus- trial development, technological advance, and hu- man desire to increase material consumption and following more waste production have led to a massive social and economic crisis in human soci- eties (3).

Given waste management importance and consid- ering that Arak, central Iran has become one of the industrial hubs in the country due to the pri- mary industrials and that is the 15th most popu- lous city of the country (4). Hence, the present study is to assess the citizen's attitude toward the waste management to develop the appropriate educational methods

The present study method is cross- sectional- ana- lytical and its community consists of 1215 house- holds, 1739 school students, 149 teachers, 667 office staffs, 275 business people, and the cluster sampling was conducted across the city of Arak in 1391. To assess the community knowledge, atti- tude, performance and effective resources of in- formation on proper waste management accord- ing to them, questionnaires were prepared. At the end, data were analyzed using statistical tests.

Finding showed that the mothers? mean score for knowledge is 5.8±2.3 (out of 8) and has been evaluated higher than average. Their attitude mean scores are 26.1±7.8 (out of 25) which indicates a positive attitude. Illiterate mother's means and standard deviations for knowledge is 3.8±1.1, ele- mentary educational level 3.7±1.2, junior high school 4.5±2.3 , high school 5.6±2.1 and tertiary education 7.4±2.7 that there is a significant differ- ence between them (P = 0.045). In this study 70 percent of all three municipal districts believe re- using waste and 89.9% of them are in favor of collecting the segregated and sorted waste that their difference is significant (P=0.01). The stu- dents mean score for knowledge and attitudes? are 4.1 +1.9 and 20.63±5.9 respectively. The majority of students (487 students, 32%) state the impact of online education on them very low. The busi- ness people and office staffs mean scores for knowledge about the waste management are 4. …

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