Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Development of Methodological Approaches to the Efficiency Analysis of Territorial-Industry Cluster Formation in the Forest Sector

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Development of Methodological Approaches to the Efficiency Analysis of Territorial-Industry Cluster Formation in the Forest Sector

Article excerpt

Abstract

The paper presents the results of research on enterprise integration meth-cabling sector in the region in the territorial and industrial cluster. It is shown that the territorial-industry clusters act as a key tool for the development of regional economies. The authors created methodological approach to the study of the prospects of the formation of territorial-industry cluster. The necessity of evaluating the effectiveness of the furniture cluster formation on the basis of the definition of a critical mass of the cluster, the strength of interaction between participants integration emergent effect of the presence of partners. Methodical approach includes analytical system performance efficiency of formation of strategic territorial and sectorial cluster (economic, social and environmental, budgetary, international and synergistic) and an array of vectors of cluster initiatives (activation, stimulation, support). The presented method provides a basis for the study of current prospects for the formation and development of territorial and sectorial clusters and differentiation of measures to support cluster initiatives in the regions.

Keywords: territorial and industrial cluster analysis of efficiency, furniture industry, integration

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

1. Introduction

In a globalized economy urgent problems of competitiveness of regions, industries and enterprises increase. This problem is relevant for the regions of Russia, as well as individual industries as growing globalization will inevitably lead to increased competition in all areas of management (Surovitskaya & Frolov, 2013).

The Program of Socio-Economic Development of the Russian Federation on the medium-term perspective (2008-2020 years), one of the ways to improve the competitiveness of the regional economy defined the development of industrial clusters.

In the late 80-ies of the last century, researchers, including Michael Porter, detect-whether that of the world in different countries there are groups you can even say "bunch" of competitive enterprises in selected industries, which, despite its small territorial size, occupy a leading position in the global market. Experience of developed countries shows that the presence of clusters is a factor in the high level of competitiveness of their economies (e.g. forestry cluster in Finland, gardening - in the Netherlands, sea - in Norway, biotechnology - in Gennany and the UK, the telecommunications and computer - in United States, a cluster of light industry in Italy, etc.). In the documents of the Government of the Russian Federation territorial clusters are defined as the union of companies, suppliers of equipment, components, specialized production and services, research and educational organizations located geographically close (although not necessarily within a single subject of the Russian Federation) and functionally related to each other.

For the entire economy the state clusters function as points of growth of the domestic market (Popkova et al., 2013). After the first is often the fonnation of new clusters, and international competitiveness of the country as a whole increases. She keeps it on strengths of individual clusters, whereas even beyond their most developed economy can only be mediocre results. According to experts, half per cent of the world's leading economies covered by clustering (Popkova, Romanova, & Akopova, 2012). Countries that employed the cluster approach could increase the GDP in the range of 75 to 90 percent (Popkova, 2012). The experience of creating clusters in the Russian forest sector has, it is Moscow, St. Petersburg, Vologda, Kaluga. Undoubtedly, in recent studies the integration of industrial enterprises in geographically-industry clusters notable progress.

At the same time the state of the Russian forest sector, related to the denationalization and privatization leads to the conclusion that it is difficult to adapt to the ry-night conditions and the cluster innovation. …

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