Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Mechanisms of Support of Export-Oriented Small Enterprises: The Regional Aspect

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Mechanisms of Support of Export-Oriented Small Enterprises: The Regional Aspect

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article presents the results of research on the state and development of export-oriented small and medium-sized enterprises and the reasons of the incomplete implementation of the export capacity of enterprises. Among the priority constraints on the development of export-oriented small and medium-sized enterprises have been allocated financial and administrative constraints. The most effective mechanisms to support SMEs are subsidizing the cost of promoting products to the world market and the compensation of interest rates on export contracts. Found that most of the export-oriented SMEs are interested in increasing the share of exports and seek to expand the geography of deliveries, but for the realization of their interests is necessary to improve infrastructure support. Each regional education puts its emphasis in the export development strategy for small and medium enterprises. Based on a comparative analysis of the existing Coordination centers of export-oriented SMEs of Russian Federation subjects support, determined the possibility of approximating the existing mechanisms for support of small and medium-sized export-oriented entrepreneurship Voronezh region. The process of ensuring the establishment of effective mechanisms to support export-oriented small and medium-sized enterprises Voronezh region includes two time periods transient (lasting less than a year) and operational for over a year.

Keywords: small and medium enterprises, support mechanisms. Coordination centers of export-oriented small and medium-sized enterprises support, export-oriented enterprises

1. Introduction

The experience of successful stmctural changes in the economies of developed countries shows that a key aspect of the restructuring is to support export-oriented economic growth. Export in practice promotes enterprise competitiveness, stimulating increased production of competitive goods. Development of Russian exports is a priority policy. Thus, the foreign trade turnover with EU countries amounted to 410.5 billion dollars, an increase compared to 2011 by 4.1% (in 2011 vs. 2010 - an increase of 28.5%). However, in 2012 Russia's trade with all groups of countries has been a trend to a sharp slowdown in growth, and in trade with CIS countries experienced a decline. Voronezh region, pari of the CFA, is not among the export-oriented regions, while the share of its exports is 0.3% of the total exports from the Russian Federation. However, regional policy is implemented in the direction of stimulating export operations, as evidenced by the increasing rates of the foreign trade turnover of the Voronezh region in 2012 - 2013 years, an average of 30% (Popkova et al., 2013a).

Since the foundation of any market economy is small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), it is natural that their condition is reflected in the state of the economy as a whole. Small and medium enterprises took a place in the economic stmcture of the Voronezh region and play a significant role in the social life of its population. Results of small enterprises in 2012 in the regional context can be regarded as positive in 2013 in Voronezh region were operating 22,360 SMEs, up from previous years (Morkovina, 2013). However, expori-Oriented are only 0.2% of the total number of SMEs. At the same time, for the period from 2010 to 2013 the volume of export-oriented products to SMEs increased steadily and by the end of 2012 amounted to U.S. $ 32.5 million, representing 1.8% of the total production area produced for export. Despite the fact that there has been an increase in both the number of export-oriented SMEs, as well as volumes shipped their products, small enterprise remains the most vulnerable segment and needs support (Chvanov, 2011).

According to the European Commission's research climate for SMEs to foreign markets is favorable today than ever. Only in the United States each year about 230 thousand small enterprises export products to almost $ 200 billion (project TACIS "Support to Export-Oriented Innovative SMEs" http://www. …

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