Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Descriptive Analysis of Introduction of Innovative Technologies in Forestry

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Descriptive Analysis of Introduction of Innovative Technologies in Forestry

Article excerpt

Abstract

The problem of innovative development of the most important area of forestry is reforestation. Established that questions the use of innovative technologies in reforestation and afforestation in Russia is still not well defined. One promising avenue is the use of planting material with closed root system (MCS). However, for the development and practical application of technological innovation requires financial support, due to the high cost of produce seed with MCS. As evidence of the economic cost calculation done on the basis of compiled cash-flow sheets on growing seedlings with open and closed root systems and the establishment of forest plantations biennial seedlings ACS and PCL-year seedlings grown in containers with a volume of cells 150, 200, 300 and 400 cm3 conditions and non-heated greenhouses. The authors revealed that the main factor of the cost of seedlings with MCS is the costs for the maintenance of machines and mechanisms, i.e. organization costs of purchasing and maintaining expensive greenhouses. It is proved that the cost of producing the annual container planting material (MCS) and the subsequent development of forest plantations is not significantly different from the receipt of annual and biennial seedlings from bare-root in a greenhouse covered ground, but its practical application in silviculture production gives a whole other opportunities related primarily from a significant reduction in terms of the cultivation of seed and seedlings of high adaptability. It is proved that the establishment of forest cultures seedlings with MCS is only possible with the support of the state, i.e. through the mechanism of public-private partnerships.

Keywords: innovative technologies of forest cultivation, planting with closed root system, public-private partnership

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

1. Introduction

Reforestation and afforestation are some of the most important aspects of forestry. Size and rate of reforestation is primarily detennined by the level of development and degree of intensity of forest management. An important place in the process of reforestation and afforestation is given planting materials. Over the past forty years in the world, the most widespread technology for growing planting material mainly softwood (pine, spmce) with closed root system (MCS) in small containers in greenhouses and nurseries complexes where planting material provides the necessary climate, timely watering and fertilizing.

In Canada, Finland, Sweden and Norway, forest planting more than 90% is carried out using technology seedlings to the MCS. At the same time, as the experience of the Nordic countries, production cost pipelined seedlings is less than that of seedlings grown in the open (Driesshe, 1976).

At the same time, the lack of this technology in Russia is its relatively high cost of implementation, due to the use as a raw material of elite seeds of the 1st class, as well as the need for a high level of mechanization and automation of the processes of growing, transporting on silvicultural area and landing (Selimenkov, 2011).

Today, the economic issues of seedlings with MCS in Russia are not well defined. Despite the fact that the economy of growing crops in forest nurseries in different periods devoted their labors V.A. Cherstvin (1951), NA Smirnov (1969), A. Zviedre, G.A. Igaunis (1981) LS Kovalev et al. (1992) and many other scientists who study the cost of growing oak porch with MCS have been conducted. Modem research in this area conducted E.N. Lobanova (1997, 1998) and V. Baikova (2001, 2004), A.V. Zhigunov, (2000, 2007), however, they relate to the study of the economy growing mainly conifers in the forest zone, while the hardwoods, and in particular the English oak is the predominant species in a sparsely wooded area of the Russian Federation, and hence the cost items on its cultivation can be different (Zhimnov, 2000; Zhigunov, 2011).

Despite the greater the cost of cultivation of planting material with MCS, by reducing the number of seats per 1 hectare and a reduction, due to a better survival rate, the cost of addition of forest cultures and cultural care, a generalized reduction of costs for forest management activities by approximately 15%. …

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