Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Investigation of Entrepreneurial Structures Forest Management Performance of Forestry System in Sparsely Forest-Poor Region

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Investigation of Entrepreneurial Structures Forest Management Performance of Forestry System in Sparsely Forest-Poor Region

Article excerpt

Abstract

The article presents the results of analysis of the performance and use of forests entrepreneurial structures forestry sparsely wooded region of Russia. Based on the results of Jas-survey of managers of businesses - forest users are disclosed factors that determine the attractiveness of the business activities in the field of forestry species composition and age of the forest stand, and forest conditions that do not depend on the quality of economic activity of enterprise structure. It has been established that the economic accessibility of forest resources is not always significantly reflects the entrepreneurial interest in a forest, which necessitates more accurate method for determining the entrepreneurial income. Consideration methodical approach to reviewing the effectiveness of the functioning and organization of forest management enterprise structures in forestry and sparsely wooded region are two models of business organization in the forestry sector in the forest-poor region.

Keywords: forest, forest-poor region, the method of analysis, effectiveness, entrepreneurial income

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

1. Introduction

The problem of sustainable economic growth in a country is associated with increased development management of its sectors (Popkova et al., 2013). Forest sector brings together forestry timber and lumber industries. Known, the performance the industry are income from worker-ness, in the forestry sector to the last rank as well as forest revenues received by state as the owner of Woodland for the use of forest resources in the fonn of charged to tenants woodlots payments (in the recent past as a part of total income of forestry were up to 50%) (Tchaikovsky, 2007). Lightly used in enviromnental management and, particularly, to ensure effective forest management, the regulatory function of the state has made previously profitable forest industry in unprofitable (Zozulya, 2010).

Income of entrepreneurial activity in the forestry sector is sales of timber products, services. It is important to note that the evaluation of entrepreneurial income is necessary to consider the fact that the lease forest areas suggests the possibility of implementing multi-purpose functions of forest resources - the latter can be used for different purposes at the same time (hunting, harvesting mushrooms, harvesting, growing seedlings in forest nurseries) or only one of them (Bao, 2013). In recent years, the loss ratio of the forest sector of Russia's economy is growing, which actualizes the issues related to ensuring effectiveness of business organizations in the forestry sector and cost optimization in the timber (Popkova et al., 2013).

It is characteristic that the forest is significantly different from other types of entrepreneurial activities of a state monopoly on the forest; high role in ensuring the income of natural and plant conditions; the need for reproduction of resources; multivariance use of wood with different economic effect; presence of a large number of small enterprises in forestry; necessarily Stu compliance with enviromnental law, et al. (Petrov, 2012) In this communication con-how to predict and guarantee the result of entrepreneurial activity in the timber is problematic because business organizations are faced with a certain amount of risk factors that greater or lesser extent incalculable and complicate business in general. Agreeing with the opinion of P. Drucker, who believes that the impact is due to the fact that "made the necessary and the right tiling" and is the result of certain processes, carry out the functions, tasks, achieve goals (Drucker, 1992), we note the specificity of Forestry. How different economic interests of the forest relations - States and users, so the problem faced by entrepreneurs in forestry often contradictory is to maximize profits from logging and reforestation quality suggesting considerable entrepreneurial costs. …

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