Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Control in a Management System in Modern Conditions

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Control in a Management System in Modern Conditions

Article excerpt

Abstract

To the 90's of the last century the characteristics of environment of organizations functioning and development highlighted the ability to organize the implementation of planned ideas by Management. The given trend is caused by the lack of effective management tools for planning and control, which are adequate to the modem management models, and an attempt to solve the problems of modem management by the traditional methods and mechanisms. The purpose of this work was to identify the specific characteristics of the strategic and anti-crisis management system; study of the role of control in strategic and anti-crisis management based on their characteristics; development of general approaches to the effective control formation in the strategic and anti-crisis management system. In which case, we proceeded from the basic provisions of control organization in the management system, and established theories and global practices of management. In this article we suggest a control mechanism, based both on the system and process approaches to the management organization, in which the place and role of control procedures is examined stage by stage. The process of strategic control represents a set of interacting closed circuits at the strategic and operational levels: the strategic control is based on the methods and mechanisms of control at the operational level, which provide the toolkit to control the strategic objectives implementation. In considering the crises as the destruction of existing parameters system of the organization's activities and the transition to a new state, maximum relevant to the changed characteristics of environment of organizations functioning and development, the role of control reveals, on the one hand, at the prevailing independent creative activity of personnel, and forced hard managing, on the other hand. The requirements to the control in the anti-crisis management system, based on an analysis of crises and the specificity of amid the crisis management were formed. The end result of the conducted study are the proposed models and plans control actions in the systems of strategic and anti-crisis management system, based on a systematic approach to management processes and control, which take into account the influence of external factors and the internal potential of the organization.

Keywords: management, strategic control, control in the anti-crisis management system, systematic approach, process approach

1. Introduction

The role of control in the management system.

By stressing the importance of control and its integratedness with other management functions the authors of the famous book "Principles of Management" M. Mescon, M. Albert and F. Khedouri write: "The control is a fundamental element of the management process. Neither the planning, the creation of organizational structures, nor motivation should not be considered entirely separately from the control. Indeed, actually all of them are the integral parts of the overall control system of this organization" (Mescon et al., 2002).

Peter Drucker has defined the correlation of terms "control" and "management" this way: "... If we express the basic idea of these terms extremely compressed, the control is the measurement and information and management-is, primarily, an action. Thus, the purpose of control is to identify what is happening and the purpose of management-is to ensure the work performed is corresponded to the initial plans, so "control" provides information on the basis of which the "management" is performed, i.e. taking the appropriate action" (Drucker, 2001).

As we can see, the role of control is to provide information for the management activities and information, obtained through the feedback channels, is one of the main sources, when making the managerial decisions.

The purpose of control as the subsystem of management systems is to increase the effectiveness of managerial decisions. …

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