Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Determinants of Peri-Urbanization and Land Use Change Patterns in Peri-Urban Ghana

Academic journal article Journal of Sustainable Development

Determinants of Peri-Urbanization and Land Use Change Patterns in Peri-Urban Ghana

Article excerpt


The main aim of this paper is to examine the effects of peri-urbanization on peri-urban land use change patterns, using a binary logistic regression model, in the Bosomtwe district of the Asante region, Ghana. The decision to convert from agricultural land uses to residential and commercial land uses are driven by a myriad of factors, ranging from social to economic in the Bosomtwe District. A triangulation of qualitative and quantitative design was used. Household questionnaires were proportionately administered to 270 respondents in 14 communities, on the basis of population. The data was subjected to the Pearson's Chi-square, Nigelkerk R^sup 2^ and Cramer's V test of strength of association. Astep-wise binary logistic regression modeling was performed using the PASW v.17. Pearson chi-square value of χ^sup 2^ = 73.546 at 26 degrees was significant atp< .000,athough the Cramer's V test of the strength of the association was moderate at V = 0.37. The logistic regression model reported an overall significance of the model at p< .000 with χ^sup 2^ = 24.453, at 4 degrees of freedom. The confidence intervals of (CIs) of (CI: 1.358-4.517) and (CI: 1.039-11.486) for the two main predictors of the outcome, and a B(Exp) values ranging between 2.477 and 3.455 were also reported. This means the odds of respondents being more likely to change their land uses is about 66%. Increasing rate of peri-urbanization is caused by increasing demand for residential, recreational (Hotels and Guest houses) and commercial land uses at the expense of agro-forest land uses. These have some negative implications on local climate and food security. The District assembly should strictly monitor physical development in line with planning schemes.

Keywords: peri-urban, land use conversion and transformation, agro-forest land use, Bosomtwe district, Ghana

(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

1. Introduction

1.1 Problem and Background

In Ghana, the outward expansion of cities into peri-urban areas consequently changes the land use patterns in these areas (Owusu, 2008). These, to a large extent, have had dire consequences on peri-urban land use decisions (Duta, 2008; Kombe, 2005). The peri-urban areas have and continue to experience incessant push and pull tendencies from the cities and the mral areas due to their strategic locations, and multifunctional territorial nature (Ravetz, Fertner, & Nielsen, 2013). These areas also come about when urban residents buy up prime agricultural land outside the main cities for residential or commercial purposes (Samat, Hasni, Elhadary, &Abdalla, 2011; Mandere, Ness & Anderberg, 2010). According to Lawanson, Yadua, and Salako (2012) in their study of Lagos and Ibadan in Nigeria, the preference for the peri-urban areas for settlement and other commercial pursuits, is motivated by the fact that these fringes of cities have some of the relatively affordable rent in comparison to the main city and big towns (see also Acheampong & Anokye, 2013).

Again, according to Simon (2008), peri-urban areas are increasingly attracting middle-class and higher-income people whose lives exhibit lifestyles reflective of inner-city dwellers in a predominantly rural setting. Allen, Dávila, and Hofmann (2006; 21), have explained that the peri-urban interface comprises a 'heterogenous mosaic' of environmental and productive ecosystems working in combination with the prevailing socio-economic peculiarities. This supports the view that peri-urban lands are used for multiple activities. Similarly, peri-urban areas may contain a (dis)organized cluster of residential, commercial, rural-residential, and often varied agricultural uses (Mandere, Ness & Anderberg, 2010). It is along this reasoning that one can observe that from a progressively agrarian to a rapidly urbanizing district, the Bosomtwe district of the Ashanti region of Ghana exhibits appreciable traits of peri-urbanism, with its concomitant land use and land cover change decisions. …

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