Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Pakistan-China Social and Economic Relations

Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Pakistan-China Social and Economic Relations

Article excerpt

Abstract

South Asia and East Asia are two sub regions of Asia. South Asia consists of seven countries India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Maldives. On the other hand, East Asia consists of China, Hong Kong, North Korea, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan. This article throws light on the Social and Economic relations of two countries, one from East Asian Region, China and other from South Asian Region, Pakistan. Pakistan and China has long history of reliable and time tested relationship. Pak-China friendship has been proven to be model of friendship between two neighboring states. Both states have strong political, defence, social and economic relations. This article is an attempt to explore new trends in Pakistan and china relationship.

Key Words: Pakistan, China, Social, Economic, Gawadar, Trade

Introduction

There are no permanent friends and enemies in international relations. The permanent thing is National interest which depends upon regional and international situation. It is a Nation's self interest which makes its foreign policy. South Asia and East Asia are two sub regions of Asia. South Asia consists of seven countries India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Maldives. On the other hand, East Asia consists of China, Hong Kong, North Korea, South Korea, Japan and Taiwan. East Asian economy is one of world's largest, successful and prosperous economies. In East Asia, China is the most powerful and populous country with population over 1.35 billion. China has second largest economy of world as well as world's largest exporter and importer of goods. China is a nuclear state and world's largest army. China has Quality and a potential to become next superpower of world. China and South Asian countries established their relations since independence of China. China shares common border with four south Asian countries, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and India. South Asia geo-strategically and geo-politically, is very important for the world. There is many events which makes South Asia important for world some of these are (i) Wars between India and Pakistan in 1965 and 1971(ii)Unsolved Kashmir issue (iii) Pakistan and India's Nuclear tests (iv)Soviet invasion in Afghanistan (v)Incident of 9/11 and after 9/11 USA presence in Afghanistan. (Malik, 2012)

It is a fact that China is the only major power of Asia that can maintains balance of power, stability and peace in this region. Influence of superpowers like USA has increased in this region. India and USA relations are becoming stronger. Now there is China which can play its active role for the betterment and economic development of other's South Asia States. (Sukhanver,n.d.)

China's foreign policy towards South Asia consists of State to State relations with five principles of co-existences which are mutual trust, noninterference in internal affairs, respect of sovereignty of independent state, confidence and understanding .International Relations always depend upon national interest and in South Asia China's biggest interest is its economic interest. China has good relations with all small and big countries of this region to get economic and strategic benefits. As China is a permanent member of United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and work for the peace and stability in the world therefore, China works for the social, economic and political reforms of the world. China is big aid donor to all South Asian countries especially Pakistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Pakistan is the strongest ally of China in this region. Relations between Pakistan and China have remained constant from the very beginning. There are many reasons of good and close friendship between Pakistan and China. Both countries are immediate neighbors. There is no conflict between them. Both countries have cooperated with each other diplomatically. Their friendship is based on sovereign equality, brotherhood and mutual cooperation. …

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