Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Conflict in Waziristan

Academic journal article South Asian Studies

Conflict in Waziristan

Article excerpt

Abstract

In the wake of 9/11 attacks and the U.S., lead "War on Terrorism", Pakistan launched a military operation in Waziristan. A ground for the nourishment of terrorist, today, the government has launched a full-scale operation in North Waziristan against the denial and elimination of terrorist ideology. Military operation conducted has positive and negative impacts and it alone is not the solution for conflict resolution. Learning lessons from other movements of insurgency and their post-conflict efforts', our success for ending the seven years of insurgency, will be judged through the effort's made by the government and our model of peacemaking for the state.

Defining Conflict and its Nature in Waziristan

Fisher has penned down the definition of conflict as following:

"Conflict is defined as an incompatibility of goals or values between two or more parties in a relationship, combined with attempts to control each other and antagonistic feelings toward each other."

According to the researcher, among the three sources of conflict identified by Roger Fisher, the source of conflict and its nature as best applicable to Waziristan is Power Conflict. As Fisher has described distinct power conflict in the following words:

"Power conflict takes place when everyone or each group and party wants to maintain maximum power. It is not possible that each party has power in a system there must be a weaker party, as a result, the stronger party emerges. Power conflict can occur between states, nation, individual, and groups etc. Power conflict also occurs within state like we see in many states that non state actors challenge the writ of government in states." (Yousufi & Khan, 2013)

Nature of Conflict as Defined in Waziristan

To the researcher if the last line as defined "Power conflict also occurs within state like we see in many states that non state actors challenge the writ of government in states" is inferred, it portrays the situation that from 2001 till the present has shaped the nature of conflict existing in Waziristan.

For every conflict, there exists a root cause and until the cause of the problem is not identified and resolved, chances for its reemergence remains. The nature of conflict, the actor's involved, the international and domestic environment, circumstances, time factor and their resolution may not hold same for every conflict, but they do provide unique outcomes for a conflict from which lessons can be learnt and mistakes can be avoided.

The main questions that summarize the research paper are:

1. How in surgency was dealt within countries of Northern Ireland and Sirilank and what were their post - conflict resolution efforts from which lessons for Waziristan conflict can be learnt?

2. What model of conflict can be more appropriate for resolution of conflict in Waziristan?

3. How the study of various perceptions helped in identification of factor of conflict in Waziristan?

4. What are the socio-political, strategic steps and the model of peace building for the resolution of the Waziristan conflict?

Models of Conflict Resolution

As stated by Burton "Conflict resolution means terminating conflict by methods that are analytical and that get to the root of the problem. Conflict resolution, as opposed to mere management or "settlement', points to an outcome that, in the view of the parties involved is a permanent solution to a problem." (Cunningham, 2014)

In light of the above arguments, the researcher will analyze the similarities, differences, conflict resolution models and the lessons that can be drawn from the conflicts. For the researcher, John Burton's Human Need Model can facilitate conflict resolution in Waziristan.

The following would be the conflicts reflected upon.

1. Conflict in Northern Ireland

2. Conflict in Sirilanka

3. Conflict in Waziristan

Analyzing the Conflicts

1. …

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