Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

The Exploration and Practice on the Management of Different Kinds of HSE Risk

Academic journal article International Review of Management and Business Research

The Exploration and Practice on the Management of Different Kinds of HSE Risk

Article excerpt

Introduction

Both petroleum industry and petrochemical industry are all the industries with high HSE (Health Safety and Environment) risk, both in exploration & development of oilfields and in processing & production at refineries. How to improve the HSE risk management at first-line organization level is the sticking point to prevent accidents effectively. Therefore, all the petroleum and petrochemical companies have been trying to improve their HSE risk management at the first-line organization level. For example, the HSE Case is an outstanding case developed by Shell Corp. to improve the HSE risk management of a project at the first-line organization level. We learned the method of HSE Case during the project cooperation with Shell Corp. as early as the 1990s, and we tried to apply it in the HSE risk management of first-line organizations of our corporation, but we failed to carry it through due to many kinds of reasons. Through many years exploration, we developed the model of "Two Documents & One Checklist"(CNPC, 2001a) based on the model of HSE Case and according to the practice of HSE risk management of our corporation. The application of the model of "Two Documents & One Checklist" in first-line organizations is quite successful; its documents are not only much easier to be compiled but also feasible to be implemented compared with the HSE Case. The successful application of the model proves that it is suitable to be applied in the HSE risk management of first-line organizations, especially in those of our corporation.

The Model of HSE Case

The concept of the HSE Case was first put forward by Shell Corp. after the famous Piper Alpha accident, and it is mainly used for the HSE risk management of a project. Owing to the reason that the projects involved in oil and gas exploration and production are always with high HSE risks on the one hand, and tliis kind of projects are in a diverse landscape of differing operating and business environments on the other hand, in order to improve the HSE management and satisfy the stakeholders expectations related to HSE management, a document is developed to meet these requirements. Therefore, the HSE Case of a project is not only a key deliverable of HSE plan of the project but also a documentary evidence of HSE management presented to those concerned (Shell, 2004). With its successful implementation, many companies and associations accept it as a good industry practice little by little, for example, I ADC (International Association of Drilling Contractors) adopts it for both offshore drilling projects and land drilling projects (IADC, 2007).

The feature of HSE Case is that all the tilings about HSE management of a project are compiled into one document, i.e., the HSE Case. According to the method of the development of HSE Case, before the commencement of a project, the worksite of the project shall be investigated in order to collect the HSE information of the project and the characteristic of the project should be analyzed based on the collected HSE information of the project, and a HSE Case of the project can thus be developed by applying the theory of HSE risk-management. After the draft document being reviewed and approved by authorized level, all the people taking part in the project should be trained with it just before the start of the project. Through being trained, the people working in the project will be aware the risks they will face and master the risk control measures. In this way, the accidents may happen in the project can thus be prevented if they do implement the preventive measures during their work. In the meantime, the document should also be presented to the external stakeholders to satisfy their expectation on HSE management of the project.

The HSE Case helps us to find out a way to work out the applied preventive measures and to put them into practice. In the past, there were few so-called preventive measures could be worked out beforehand especially at first-line organizations level. …

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