Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Applied Technosphere Riskology as Direction of Future Life Security Experts Vocational Training

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Applied Technosphere Riskology as Direction of Future Life Security Experts Vocational Training

Article excerpt

Abstract

Theoretical and practice-oriented bases of applied technosphere riskology as a new interdisciplinary direction of students training at technical educational institutions are revealed in the article. Specialized technology of the risk management, urged to solve problems of technosphere safety taken as a whole, but not separate parts is the main research of the article. "The applied technosphere riskology" is logical development of rather new scientific and subject matter - riskology - as for life security of a person is concerned. The authors have considered interdisciplinary integration in the content formation of vocational training of future life security experts in the field of applied technosphere riskology, and also practice-oriented aspects of a grapliic-analytical method "treelike structures" and a method of the diversionary analysis, directed at risk thinking formation, at professional reflection and culture of students life security as they are future life security experts. The article will be useful for technical college teachers, the theorists and practitioners who are studying questions of the analysis, forecasting and risk management in technosphere.

Keywords: co-evolutionary strategy, applied technosphere riskology, risk management, interdisciplinary integration, grapliic-analytical method "treelike structures", method of the diversionary analysis

1. Introduction

Judging by deterioration of environment condition, it is obvious that the culture of technocratic society practically exhausted the opportunities, resulted in instability of fragile balance between technosphere and biosphere; it turned out to be incapable to support the level of relationship necessary for providing stable development of the civilization and put the mankind, as a species, on a brink of survival. The developing situation demands to take measures to improve management of safety in connection with the quantity increasing of annually arising of emergency situations of natural and anthropogenic character. Anthropogenic threats acquire complex measures now. The object or subject is affected by several factors at once that it is much more dangerous, than independent influence of the same factors (Gorshkov, 1995).

Possibility of current overcoming situation is seen in transition to new civilized models which cornerstone co-evolutionary strategy, i.e. strategy of implementation of a parallel stable development of nature, society, culture and a person himself (Gorshkov, 1995; Danilov-Danil'yan, 2000; Mamedov, 1996; Nebel, 1993).

The embodiment of this model in life requires development of new thinking, in the field of safe coexistence of nature and a technosphere which could change mentality of society in general and experts in technical areas, in particular, for essentially different relationship with environment.

In this regard, special relevance is gained in modern conditions by a problem of vocational training of experts in technical field who are urged to expect results of the practical activities in technosphere, to resolve the issues connected not only with understanding of risks of anthropogenic catastrophes, safety of people, but also with questions of effective management of these risks, their prevention or minimization.

For the purpose of bringing vocational training of life security experts into compliance with modern requirements of safety of technological productions and minimization of their destroying impact on environment, as a whole we offer and we approve in practice the specialized, accurately defined scientific direction "applied technosphere riskology" on the basis of the Kazan State Technical University named after A.N.Tupolev. Applied technosphere riskology is an interdisciplinary direction synthesizing theoretical and practical results of sciences about surrounding world in development of conscious use of knowledge about synergism of anthropogenic, ecological, social factors in risk management of complicated anthropogenic complexes, acting as pedagogically interpreted system knowledge, that allows carrying out a pedagogical goal-setting, forecasting and modern technification of future engineers vocational training (Romanovsky & Muravyeva, 2007). …

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