Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Fixed Expressions with Sacred Numerals (on the Basis of Kazakh and English Languages)

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Fixed Expressions with Sacred Numerals (on the Basis of Kazakh and English Languages)

Article excerpt

Abstract

The numerals are specified by their symbolic meanings along with digital ones. One can find them mostly in fixed expressions, legend stories, zhyr-dastans. The article is devoted to the use of the sacred numbers in fixed expressions. The names of the numerals frequently appear in phraseological units, fixed expressions in Kazakh and English languages relating to religious beliefs, customs and traditions have been collecting from the early times depict all specific features of wealthy sentience and considered to be a word-hoard. The actual materials were collected from phraseological dictionaries of Kazakh, Russian and English languages. And also examples were taken from art works. There are different numerals used in phraseologisms and proverbs (two, four, five, six, eight, fifty, hundred, thousand and so on). The authors define a series of numbers which are considered to be sacred ones according some concept beliefs. In article are determined the peculiarities of using numbers three, seven, nine, thirteen, twenty five, forty, fifty in fixed expressions and the use of these numbers in different meaning, to possess the sacred name.

Keywords: sacred numerals, languages relating, language and nation, customs and traditions

1. Introducion

The well-known scholars such as M. Kashkary, A. Navoyee, W. Humboldt, L. Vicegerber, and etc. devoted a lot of their works to the interrelation and correlation between language and culture, language and nation, the specific way of thinking that differs from other nations.

"Lexis is like a mirror in language, through it to know the past life of nation" (Wilfred Funk, 1950), wrote American scholar Wilfred Funk.

"Language history and culture history is closely related and reflect each other in some way" (Palmer, 1983), wrote L.R. Palmer.

Different semantically groups and layers that exist in General Lexicology of Kazakh language were carefully examined from the point of their ethnolinguistic value by academician A. Kaidar, E. Zhanpeyessov, M. Kopylenko, N. Uali, Zh. Mankeeyeva, A. Mukatayeva, K. Gabitkhanuly, N. Ongarbayeva and others.

Ethnolinguistic features of fixed expressions with sacred numerals still requires a care full study. Ethnolinguistics is a complex and difficult field of linguistics, which studies the way an ethnic group perceives the world, the way it is preserved in the community language through its history over centuries, that are better known as a cultural heritage transmitted from generation to generation and is constantly recreated in response to the environmental changes (Kopylenko, 1995 & 2010; Krasnyh, 2008; Kaidarov, 2006).

2. Materials and Methods

The methods of this research are collecting, collation, analysis, research to determine the location of the sacred numbers in the field of education, training and understanding of the close relationship of human life, with the mystery of the origin of understanding of the world of numbers for ethno-linguistic research.

Ethnographical accounts about the English people were initially found in the writing of the Greek astronomer and geographer, Pute as (traded back to IV century); Roman historian, Cornelius Tacitus (in his prominent monograph 'Almania'); and Cesar's writings as well.

Ethnolinguistic investigations held in contemporary English linguistics are mainly based on two directions. The first took the side and propound the idea of Wilhelm von Humboldt (Humboldt, 2008). They believed that this branch of science studies language and its inner form, the diversity of worldviews and phenomenal unity of language. The second are the followers of American scientists. According to them, the ethnolinguistics aims to study natural languages, language phenomena and their specific features; a particular worldview that brings changes in language itself.

3. Results

Connative meaning of the sacred numbers is rich due to a great number of collocations fixed in the language and Kazakh conception in the form of phraseologisms and proverbs. …

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