Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Express Assessment of the Students' Adaptive Abilities and Revealing of the Risk Group

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Express Assessment of the Students' Adaptive Abilities and Revealing of the Risk Group

Article excerpt

Abstract

The educational process in the higher educational establishments should contribute to the formation of the independent, initiative, creative and healthy personality. However, some students have different functional disturbances during the education, their health can worsen. The aim of this investigation is the express assessment of the regulatory body systems conditions of the students of different year in Vladimir State University and revealing of the risk group of students, who are exposed to the adaptive processes disorders, basing on the heart rate variability analysis. The students of different specializations at the age of 17 to 22 from Vladimir State University were examined. Total amount was 200 people, among which there were: 100 girls and 100 boys. Software and hardware complex "Zdorovie-express" was used; there were determined heart rate variability values, which were used to calculate the complex index of the regulatory body systems activity as well as to assess general cardiac output using the indices of the heart rate, pulse and cardiac muscle. The conducted investigations show high effectiveness of use of regulatory body systems activity index for the express assessment of the students' adaptive abilities and revealing risk groups. The acquired results speak for the fact that the load, suffered by the students in the process of education in the university, is a sufficient stressor and can result in the significant strain of the regulatory body systems for the most part of students (67%) and 14% of students are in the risk group which is characterised by the overstrain of the regulatory body systems and different stages of adaptation failure. Aggravation of the adaptation mechanism was noted by the 4th year of study. These results can be used for optimization of the educational process in the higher educational establishments as well as for the organization of the preventive works among students, correct organization of the sanitary measures.

Keywords: adaptation, heart rate variability, regulatory body systems activity index, students

1. Introduction

In modern higher educational establishments one can observe continuous intensification of the educational process, complication of its content, implementation of new informational methods of training, which increase the strain on students. The educational process should contribute to the formation of the independent, initiative, creative and healthy personality. But some students have different functional disturbances during the education and their health can worsen (Ryumina et al., 2012; Davidenko et al., 2005; Gevorkyan & others, 2003; Yusoff, 2010).

That's why the analysis of the young people adaptive abilities in the higher educational establishments and revealing risk groups of students having high probability of functional disturbances development is of urgent character (Stewart et al., 1996; Araj/Kamm. 1994). Adaptive processes activate when the habitual conditions are changing and it becomes necessary to accoimnodate to the new situations. It is the tiling that the students face starting from the 1st year of study, when their lifestyle and education system are changed. In the process of adaptation the students suffer difficulties, for example, accoimnodation to the new study schedule; the emotions connected with the leaving of the habitual school group of people; apprehension of the career choice etc (Mazumdar, 2012; Ansari, 2011; Blom, 2009 ). In the previous investigations it was noted that the adaptive processes are more difficult for the students who live far away from their parents, who moved home. Students' adaptation is a complex process which is affected by a lot of different factors. It includes the changes of the level of separate systems functioning and the strain of the regulatory systems. In case of failures in the work of these systems there appear functional and organic changes in the human body. Decrease of the students' adaptive potential is considered as a risk factor of diseases development since even an insignificant aggravation of adaptive abilities can lead to the serious health problems (Gavrilova, 2004; Altynova, 2009). …

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