Academic journal article Analysis and Metaphysics

The Political Ontology of Rawls's Work

Academic journal article Analysis and Metaphysics

The Political Ontology of Rawls's Work

Article excerpt

ABSTRACT. The purpose of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of Rawls's view of political liberalism, his theory of the person, his account of citizenship, and his normative individualism. The results of the current study converge with prior research on Rawls's emphasis on freedom and individual choice, his political vision of the person, his backing of the primacy of the right over the good, and his account of the advancement of the sense of justice. These findings highlight the importance of examining Rawls's interpretation of social stability, his grounds for recasting justice as fairness, his liberal principle of legitimacy, and the role of government in Rawls's conception.

Keywords: Rawls; political liberalism; individual choice; justice

1. Introduction

Rawls's vision is a normative conception of identity. His political view of the person selects the characteristics of individuals that are significant from the standpoint of political theorizing (Allain, 2014): the aspects that are relevant typifies individuals as having the rights and strengths needed to be involved in political life. Social components incompletely compose persons' identities (Glac, 2014): individuals will typically participate in the social undertakings that assist them in establishing their identities (Popescu Ljungholm, 2014a) and advance full moral autonomy. A Rawlsian view of political identity is backed by political values (Williams, 2014) that are evident in our society. Rawlsian political identity typifies individuals without their visions of what is essentially valuable. We can grasp something profound about justice by examining the principles such a person would pick out. Rawls employs a "political conception of the person," i.e. an interpretation of individuals' political or public identities. (Gaiko Campbell, 2013) Rawls promotes the perception of political society as a civicity. Since someone is the same individual all through his or her life (Bratu, 2013), the benefits they receive eventually can counterbalance renunciations in their early existence. Social relations constitute all the discrepancy to individuals' fundamental claims or rights. Society is a joint undertaking for reciprocal advantage, individuals maintain their own concerns even as they follow that collective interest, and a series of standards is required to establish the unbiased manner of distributing the advantages of social collaboration. The latter impacts individuals' key privileges. The cooperation connected with belonging to a particular political society may have an effect to the fundamental or non-contractual rights of those implicated. (Pettit, 2005)

2. Rawls's Ontology of Peoples

Rawls's political view of the individual is a description of the characteristics of citizens that are significant from the perspective of legitimizing political agreements, selecting the attributes of persons that typifies them as having the rights and strengths demanded to take part in political life: it is stringently normative, and it does not depend on a metaphysical perspective of personal identity. Rawls's political conception of the person characterizes individuals as free: they are able to select a view of what is essentially important. Rawls legitimizes his principles by invoking a citizen in a position in which she is separated from her characteristics. The verisimilitude of Rawls's political principles is unrelated to his conception of personal identity. The principles of justice for communities in which the precedence of liberty prevails would be without exception consented to under suitable conditions, i.e. fair principles, the latter being the principles of justice. (Gaiko Campbell, 2013) Rawls endorses a liberal welfare state democratic system. The rule of law is pivotal to Rawls's view of a well arranged society and justice. The veil of ignorance is a fictional veil entailed by the concept of the original position: it leaves out information which is not morally significant or is a result of elements that are unfair. …

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