Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Interrelation of Social and Psychological Adaptation and Tendency to Deviant Behavior of Students

Academic journal article Asian Social Science

Interrelation of Social and Psychological Adaptation and Tendency to Deviant Behavior of Students

Article excerpt

Abstract

The tendency to deviant behavior of students is a negatively affecting factor to the success of their socialization. Its actualization can lead to serious consequences, and become the reason of personality degradation even its death. Some reasons of the tendency to deviant behavior are violations of social and psychological adaptation. The interrelation of positive and negative factors of social and psychological adaptation with the tendency to various forms of deviant behavior is studied in this research. It is established that students' positive elements of social and psychological adaptation, such as high adaptation, self-acceptance and acceptance of others, internal control negatively effect on possibilities of the tendency development to various forms of deviant behavior. As for negative elements of social and psychological adaptation, such as disadaptation, self-unacceptance and unacceptance of others, emotional discomfort, external control and escapism can lead to strengthening of the tendency to deviant behavior. Positive and negative elements of social and psychological adaptation on the tendency to deviant behavior of students-boys are much lower than that of students-girls.

Keywords: social and psychological adaptation, disadaptation, tendency to deviant behavior, students

1. Introduction

In modern society there is an acute problem of the effectiveness of socio-psychological adaptation of personality and its adequate behavior in socium. The success of adaptation is defined by those changes which happen in the personality: self-assessment change, level of claims, "self-concept" stmcture, self-affirmation instalations (Masalimova et al., 2014). In general adaptation is estimated as the ability to adapt to the action of environmental factors, to react adequately in non-standard situations (Gadelshina, 2011; Ramakrishnan & Dhanya, 2014).

Deviant behavior expresses the social and psychological status of the personality on the "socialization-disadaptation-isolation" axis. This is a stable behavior of a person, deviating from the most important social norms, causing real damage to society or the individual, but also accompanied by a social disadaptation (Zmanovskaya & Rybnikov, 2011).

The training period in higher education institutions is an important stage of socialization and socially-psychological adaptation of the individual. The students is a special social group, possessing characteristics such as performance of certain functions in the society, the objective existence, the unique deterministic behavior of group members, a certain integrity and independence in relation to other social groups, specific socially-psychological traits and values (Cheverikina, 2012).

The features of social and psychological adaptation of students prone to deviant behavior associated with destmctive areas of cooperation in the system "personality-socio-cultural environment" are expressed in the simplification of the internal stmcture and the destmction of the structural integrity of the individual (Gilemkhanova, 2013).

Thus, the study of interrelation of social and psychological adaptation and tendency to various forms of deviant behavior of students seems relevant, will enhance understanding of the features of these two phenomena, and identify areas of psycho-pedagogical activities to minimize the negative effects of students behavior.

2. Literature Review

In modern Russian psychological researches the main attention is paid to study of various aspects of deviant behavior of teenagers. It is noted that the nature of teenager deviant behavior depends on how he is taught to respond to arising difficulties in general by creative or destmctive actions; how society, macro-and the micro socium, stimulates social-innovative, creative actions of the personality or on the contrary, doesn't stimulate them (Zhdanova, 2012). According to the data obtained by some researchers many older adolescents, particularly girls, are more prone to the manifistation of various forms of deviant behavior (Bessmertnaya, 2014). …

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