Academic journal article English Language Teaching

The Case Study Technologies as the Means of Competency Building Approach Realization in Higher Education of Russia

Academic journal article English Language Teaching

The Case Study Technologies as the Means of Competency Building Approach Realization in Higher Education of Russia

Article excerpt

Abstract

The problem of increasing education efficiency in Russian high school under the condition of well-organized educational process with using "Case-study" technology is considered in the article. The article is devoted to the methodology of case study, and especially its implementation in Kazan Federal University, the Institute of Philology and Intercultural Communication.

The experiment was held in two groups (experimental and control) diagnosing communicative, social, occupational and educational cognitive motives and motives of self-actualization, avoiding failure and prestige. The study was conducted in such disciplines as "English Language", "Training and education in the field of foreign languages". To measure the number of observed qualities of student's personality the diagnostic technique level of formation of students learning motivation was selected. The resulting figures revealed a positive trend from the use of case technology in the classroom with students.

Keywords: competency building approach, educational cognitive competence, training, case-study technology

1. Introduction

The turn of the century visibly symbolizes the transitory nature of the current era. The humanity today is undergoing a series of deep transformations, changing the face of civilization as a whole, due to the rapidly reaching the transition from an industrial society to a post-industrial society and information, in which the processes of creation and dissemination of knowledge are the key ones. These processes are to a large extent based on the use and development of the educational system. The growing demand for higher education worldwide, along with global expansion of telecommunication technologies, have given online distance education a potential world-wide reach for institutions in many countries (Sadykova, 2009). The content of education is the most important component of the educational system and, accordingly, the main purpose of the planned changes in it. Organizational-administrative, economic, legal reforms, for all its importance, are the same conditions and mechanisms of the output to a new quality of education, and the goal of it is the elaboration and implementation of the new curriculum.

2. Literature Review

Infusion of personality with mentality is a supreme target of education. Mentality is the highest level of culture: it represents deep foundations of world view, world vision and behaviour of a man. It is mentality which determines specific deeds of people, their attitude to different social existence (Mukhametshina & Galimullina, 2014). Nowadays, a modern man is not enough subjected to knowledge, the society needs metaknowledge and skills. A person with the ability to implement complex cultural-oriented types of actions should be able to answer the following questions: "What do I want?", "What can I do?", "Who am I?" In this situation, the goals of education are changing. Theoretical in nature and encyclopedic knowledge, were the main aims of the educational process, now they have become the means to achieve them. In other words, Russian education needs a shiftin emphasis from the knowledge-based approach to the competence-based one. Competence-based approach focuses on the construction of the learning process according to the results of education, i.e. what the learner will know and will be able to use.

Strategy and modernization of higher education raises the competence approach as one of the most important conditions for the update of the educational process. This approach has become a leading company in the development of the whole world of education and is linked to the need to strengthen the orientation of education to the changing conditions of society, especially labor. What has changed? The speed of information flow, the speed of technical and scientific progress, and the speed of human adaptation to working conditions remained the same, individually conditioned. …

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