Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Correlation of Importance and Attainability Disparity in the Personality Value System with the Meaningfulness of Life

Academic journal article Review of European Studies

The Correlation of Importance and Attainability Disparity in the Personality Value System with the Meaningfulness of Life

Article excerpt

Abstract

The relevance of the subject is set by the contradiction existing in science concerning the understanding of psychological sense of the disparity between the importance of value and the assessment of its realization in life: in one case it is understood as sense-making, in another-as conflicting or meaning semantic vacuum. This issue was regarded in the empirical research via the identification in what way the difference of values importance and attainability parameters is connected with the level of life meaningfulness on the sample of people aged from 15 to 40 years old. The results suggested that the total difference of these parameters in the personality value system is not associated with the level of life meaningfulness, and thus, the disparity may provide values with additional incentive potential, and conflict sense, and be neutral as well. There have been found few links of life meaningfulness with the disparity of importance and attainability of some values that highlights spheres of age-related or situational tasks for a human to solve. The article proceedings may be useful from their theoretical point of view to specify patterns concerning valuable and meaning regulation of life, from practical point of view they may help to understand the complex role of values importance and attainability disparity in person's psychological wellbeing.

Keywords: value, personal value-meaning system, importance of value, attainability of value, the disparity of importance and attainability of value, meaningfulness of life

1. Introduction

1.1 Relevance of the Subject

Values reflect experience of the social community's life activity. They are interiorized and integrated into the personality structure in the form of personal values, setting the main guidelines of a person's life activity and playing the main role in its regulation.

In psychology, substantial sides of value- meaning regulation are mainly investigated: hierarchy of values and valuable orientations (Rokeach, 1973; Schwartz 1994), structure and content of values (Cieciuch & Schwartz, 2012; Cieciuch et al., 2014), cross-cultural distinctions of life meaning and value-meaning structures of a personality (Ohbuchi et al., 1999; Salikhova, 2013; Woldu & Budhwar, 2011), the correlation of values with the meaning of life (Dezutter et al., 2014; Leonüev, 1999), mental states (Prokhorov, 2009), health and wellbeing (Brassai et al., 2011; Debats, 1996; Maercker et al., 2014). Also the dynamics of values content connected with age, professional and other factors is studied.

The dynamic sides of personality value functioning are investigated to a lesser degree. These are lines of personality's living space tension which arise upon the correlation of personality existential expectations and actual life situation, measures of value importance and perceived extent of its realization in life. Bratus (1988) writes about the dynamic side of a personality's meaning sphere in the same sense; he specifies this as a ratio of real and ideal goals. Aseev (1982) writes about the dynamic side of significance as the relation of motivation to opportunities of its realization. Relevant to this subject matters are considered in the terms of "expectation-value" in cognitive theories of motivation (Atkinson & Feather, 1966; Weiner, 1986).

1.2 Problem Statement

Personality's possibilities to realize their values in life do not often coincide with the measure of their significance, due to which there arises divergence of valued and available. In science there is an inconsistent understanding of the role of this disparity.

So, the barrier, an obstacle between value and its realization in the subject's life, from the point of view of Shakurov (2003), creates the value as that. He considers that in the absence of barriers, there opens an unlimited access to the benefits, the person is quickly sated with them, and they lose their value for this very person. …

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