Academic journal article International Journal of Education

Case Study on the Principal Leaderships Utilised in a Hong Kong Special Secondary School Setting in the NSS Educational Reform

Academic journal article International Journal of Education

Case Study on the Principal Leaderships Utilised in a Hong Kong Special Secondary School Setting in the NSS Educational Reform

Article excerpt

Abstract

The education reform called the New Secondary School Curriculum (NSS) was first launched by the Education Bureau of Hong Kong (EDB) in 2001. The reform was intended for the improvement of all aspects of education for primary and secondary school students. Thus, when such reform is achieved, the stakeholders of education would benefit in terms of achieving globalization. The ultimate goal of NSS is to cultivate a self-regulatory study mode that focuses on learning instead of mono-induction of knowledge. Upon the directions mapped by the EDB, the implementation was established in three phases. The short-term phase (from the periods 2001-2002 to 2005-2006) was prescribed for all schools to formulate and integrate their school-based curricula with the elements, ideologies, and generic skills suggested by the EDB. Subsequently, the second phase (from the periods 2006- 2007 to 2011-2012) was the intermediate stage for facilitating and piloting the NSS curriculum into the secondary school setting. Eventually, the long-term phase (beyond 2011- 2012) was the preliminary evaluative stage that further consolidated the teaching practice to enhance its efficacy and also provided the schools with opportunities to evaluate critically the catalysts and obstacles affecting student learning outcomes because the first batch of graduates should have had their examination results announced by July 2012.

Few studies examine the leadership styles of schools who serve students with Special Education Needs (SEN) and Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLD) during the NSS education reform, including the effects of their leadership models. In this essay, the author will first provide a background of the NSS education reform with Burke's four concepts of change: content, context, process, and change participants. Based on NSS and Bush's leadership models, this paper will present the prerequisite of one of the local special secondary schools in Hong Kong (HK), that is, Tung Wah Group of Hospitals (TWGHs) Mr. and Mrs. Kwong Sik Kwan College (KSKC) and how the two principals of KSKC, Principals Chow and Ng, manage the team with their leadership in this education reform. After identifying their leadership type, the author will analyze whether such educational leadership styles are applicable to this special school, as well as make suggestions to address the opposition encountered by school seniors.

Aside from being the author of this case analysis, the writer was also one of the middle managers in this school, having been serving in the English Panel for six years, during which time he had experienced the leadership of these two principals. Both leadership styles were proactively deployed to the NSS education reform, although their consequences differed.

Keywords: Principal ship, NSS, SEN, Organisational Change

1. Introduction

This essay will provide a background of the NSS education reform with Burke's four concepts of change: content, context, process, and change participants. On the basis of NSS and Bush's leadership models, this paper will present the prerequisite of one of the local special secondary schools in Hong Kong (HK), that is, Tung Wah Group of Hospitals (TWGHs) Mr. and Mrs. Kwong Sik Kwan College (KSKC) and to what extent the two principals of KSKC, Principals Chow and Ng, administer the team based on their leadership in this education reform. Upon the identification of their leadership type, the author will analyze whether their educational leadership styles are applicable to this special school, plus make suggestions to address the opposition encountered by school seniors in local and global context.

2. Theoretical Framework

To review the entire case study comprehensively, this essay has adopted and integrated the four elements of change from Burke (2008) and the leadership model of Bush (2003) to synthesize an integrated framework. Burke's concepts of change are utilized to investigate how reform itself can be elicited in terms of content, context, and process, as well as the participants of change while a theoretical framework based on Bush's work is vital to categorize the type of leadership model exercised by the two school principals to reflect further how the principal's leadership could significantly affect the implementation of the NSS education reform in a local secondary school setting. …

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