Academic journal article International Education Studies

The Influence of Competence, Motivation, and Organisational Culture to High School Teacher Job Satisfaction and Performance

Academic journal article International Education Studies

The Influence of Competence, Motivation, and Organisational Culture to High School Teacher Job Satisfaction and Performance

Article excerpt


The study aims to find out and analyze the influence of competence, motivation, and organizational competence to high school teacher job satisfaction and performance in Jayapura City, Papua, Indonesia. The study was conducted on 117 respondents of 346 teachers by means of questionnaire. Data is analyzed by SEM analysis method in AMOS program. Findings indicate that competence and organizational culture affect positively and insignificantly teacher job satisfaction. While, job motivation affects positively and significantly teacher job satisfaction, but it did not give any significant effect on teacher performance. Competence and job satisfaction affect positively and significantly teacher performance, in fact organizational culture just has positive but insignificant effect to job satisfaction.

Keywords: competence, motivation, organisational culture, teacher, job satisfaction, job performance

1. Introduction

Among human resource quality competitions in ASEAN countries, Indonesia is left behind at the low rank. Some causal factors are follows: (a) high school output has not been ready to join vocation, (b) Indonesia's human development index (HDI) by 2005 is at 110 from 170 countries (Madaria, 2013), (c) Indonesia's academic quality for natural science, math, and competence based on the findings of Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2003 found that Indonesia ranks at 38 from 41 countries in natural science and 39 for math proficiency, and (d) natural science and technology proficiency are left behind, even it ranks in the seventh nation among ASEAN countries (Madaria, 2013).

Phenomena above indicates that the implementation of education administration system in Jayapura City has not been effective, especially for curriculum, human resource quality, budget, institutional, and coordination as outlined in Laws Number 20 of 2003 on National Education System. Among those administration systems, human resource quality, especially for educators have not met the standard to support education quality (Hasbullah, 2006). It can be pointed out by gap theory of Dessler (2007) where the success of human resource in improving performance is affected by competence, motivation, and discipline supporting means. Furthermore, Hasbullah (2006) states that the success of educator in improving national education system cannot be split up by the importance of competence, motivation, and discipline supporting means in affecting teacher performance. Further gap research is proposed by William (2005) entitled The Competence, Motivation and Facilities Affect toward Performance and Increasing The Quality of Education in Australia College and Miako (2008) who focuses on performance strengthening through facility improvement, motivation, culture, and job competence toward the improvement of human resource quality. The difference between this study and the previous ones is discipline by means and culture, while the similarity lies on the competence and motivation which gives specific characteristics herein.

Moreover, comprehension on teacher competence refers to the Regulations of Ministry of National Education of the Republic of Indonesia Number 16 of 2007 concerning Teacher Academic Qualification and Competence. It is outlined that Teacher Competence Standard is developed completely from 4 main competences as follows: (1) pedagogical competence, (2) personality, (3) social, and (4) professionalism. These four competences are integrated into teacher performance (Maklassa, 2012).

Sahlan (2002) divides work motivation possessed by every human into three large groups based on the needs, awareness, and support grant (reinforcement). Under category of needs, some theories are proposed by Maslow (Maslow's need hierarchy theory), ERG Alderfer (Alderfer's ERG theory), and Herzberg (Herzberg's motivator-hygiene theory) by setting indicator that admission on success and responsibility is greater than autonomy and career opportunity (Sahlan, 2002). …

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