Academic journal article Economics, Management and Financial Markets

Being a Woman in Turkey: An Application

Academic journal article Economics, Management and Financial Markets

Being a Woman in Turkey: An Application

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

While woman plays a significant role in the development process, the needs and rights of women are frequently overlooked in the development policies and practices. While the economic welfare of women is one of the primary indicators of the progress of the society, it is observed that there are important problems in the socio-economic status of women. It may be expressed that the unequal opportunities that women are faced with in the social, economic and political sense, lie behind this problem. The gender inequality may increase the inequality of opportunities for women in accessing efficient resources, financial services, means of education and healthcare. Moreover, political and cultural obstacles may also play a role in this problem. All of these limit women from effective participation in the economy and their adequate benefit from economic development. Therefore, the empowerment of women, and their active participation in economic, social and political activities are quite important for development.

The purpose of this paper is to start off with the idea that the social and economic status of women is important for development and to determine the socio-economic status of the Turkish women among the women of the European Union. To that end, first the relationship between women and development will be examined; followed by brief information on cluster analysis, chosen from the statistical methods, and then, the socio-economic status of the Turkish women among the European Union women will be determined using cluster analysis. Finally, the results of the cluster analysis will be interpreted and solution recommendations will be provided.

2. Women and Development

"Over the past three decades, gender issues have increasingly gained prominence on the development agenda. More attention is being given to the plight of the poor and disadvantaged women in developing countries, and to the unending gender agenda in more developed countries" (King et al, 2009: 585). Whereas, from our perspective, woman is one of the essential keystones of social and economic development, both as a mother who will play a significant role in the growth of the future generations, and also as an essential part of the labor market that will add value to economic development. Therefore, the significance of women in economic development is worth examining. The relationship between women and development may be examined in two dimensions. One of these is the contribution of women in economic development, while the other one is the impact of development on the socio-economic status of women. In other words, the relationship between women and development is interactive. It is possible to observe such interaction by defining the factors influencing the economic role of women. In a study made by the OECD (2006), the factors that influence the role of women have been determined and the relationship between economic development and women has been discussed. According the study, the economic role of women depends on various social institutions. These are family code, physical integrity, civil liberties, ownership rights (Jütting et al., 2006: 9,10).

While economic development has many social and economic indicators, one of these is the per capita income. The empowerment of women in the social and economic sense will also contribute to increase the per capita income. For example, an increase in the employment of women may increase the average income level. According to Goldin (1986: 557), as the ratio of contribution to the labor market increases in a country, the per capita income will also increase. Reviewing history in America and the other Western countries (1890-1980), it is observed that the increase of women's participation in the labor force has increased the ratio of participation in the total labor force of the countries. In the meantime, the increase in the participation of women in the labor force and their income will also reduce poverty and enhance development. …

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed


An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.