Academic journal article Economics, Management and Financial Markets

The Implementation of Intelligent Transportation Systems in Romania. a European Union Perspective

Academic journal article Economics, Management and Financial Markets

The Implementation of Intelligent Transportation Systems in Romania. a European Union Perspective

Article excerpt

1. Introduction

The complex and dynamic approaches of the current researches play as new tools to both scientists and practitioners in analyzing the society and its market in order to change them (Costea, 2005). As known, all phenomena are complex and linked to resources, people, ideas, technologies and processes.

During the last decade, the effects of delocalization and reverse migration created strong pressures on all types of systems; nevertheless, the most dynamics remained the transportation and its allocated logistics networks. That demonstrates their importance and opened their study as vivid intelligent networks, processes and systems. The transportation and logistics networks most bridge the knowledge and link it to traffic congestions influencing the quality, efficiency and safety standards, generating increase consumption of fuel, cause higher pollution and stress (increased C02).

In the field of transportation, more than ever, the development processes multiply consequences at economic and societal levels; they impose certain discoveries sustaining people and companies satisfaction by:

-the diversification of the logistics systems and

-the implementation of artificial intelligence, robotics and standardization in all fields and stages (Want, 2004).

During the 1800's most systems and networks were mainly connected to transportation of goods and people; they looked rudimentary and took place by boat, train and auto (only a small part of the society could afford such a mean of transport).

Nowadays, the systems paradigm changed while the systems theory comprehends the complex and the vivid, the dynamic and the entropie.

According to the actual knowledge, the intelligent systems serve users, managers, developers, researchers, and purchasers who are interested in intelligent systems and artificial intelligence, with particular emphasis on wide applications (Costea, 2005).

Two forces are driving the need for intelligence in business, yet those forces often work at odds to each other. The first one is the transactional data increment brought by the increase in information systems. More and more data generated by the computer systems, gather the amount of information recorded and processed. However, more data does not mean more information and deeper insights.

The second force at work is to understand sustainable development and robust business closer to the societal needs - and express it in financial results and turnover as key performance indicators. Thus a new design of systems architectures, flexible to change, could provide more adaptable solutions.

From this perspective, the transport systems are coordination compounds, influenced by their own dynamics, the commercial sector evolution and by the phenomenon of migration and globalization (E.C., 2010). They are super networks, with hubs and clusters, all alive under internal and external needs and tensions, objectives and targets.

2. The Link between Intelligent Transport Systems and Logistics within the European Union Seen as a Business Process

During the last decade the EU enforced programs (eEurope and eEurope+) included specific actions dedicated to intelligent systems as a levelheaded contribution to the unique market. The programs that the EU has implemented within the 28 state members like eEurope and eEurope+ are political initiatives that have the aim to implement ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) in all fields to improve the accessibility of the EU citizens to new technologies (eEurope, 2013). But the existing fragmentation of national markets causes an incomplete integrated platform of activities. Providers often encountered obstacles and bureaucracy when trying to expand beyond their home country. Many entrepreneurs still receive their "analysis" and "information" on static reports from a small group of analysts who control the aggregation and production of the reports. …

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