Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Research on Present Situation and Development Countermeasures of Art and Physical Education of Primary and Middle Schools in Sichuan's Tibetan Area

Academic journal article Cross - Cultural Communication

Research on Present Situation and Development Countermeasures of Art and Physical Education of Primary and Middle Schools in Sichuan's Tibetan Area

Article excerpt

Abstract

Art and physical education can promote students' physical quality, the shaping of personality and so on. With development and improvement of modem quality education, colleges and universities at all levels are continuously promoting their attention to art and physical education. Because the limitation from many ways such as regional development, economic conditions, etc., art and physical education's quality of primary and middle schools in Sichuan's Tibetan area hasn't been improved effectively. So this article mainly with present situations of art and physical education in primary and middle schools in Sichuan's Tibetan area as research object, hopes to find out its problems and development countermeasures by author's effort to promote its continuous improvement.

Key words: Sichuan's Tibetan area; Primary and middle schools; Art education; Physical education

INTRODUCTION

Sichuan's Tibetan area is an important minority settlement in our country. In the development process of education and teaching, our government attached importance to the development of education in this region and introduced a lot of auxiliary polices actively to guarantee its teaching quality. Chapter 9 in Outline of National Mediumand Long-Term Program for Education Reform and Development (2010-2020) explicitly points out: Attach great importance and support to national education and solve the special difficulties and prominent problems faced by minority and the development of education in the minority area. Action Scheme for Invigorating Education towards the 21st Century from Ministry of Education explicitly points out that schools' art and physical work should focus on rural and weak area. Because of historical and natural conditions, the art and physical education in Sichuan's Tibetan area has been in backward for a long time. In recent years, ethnic education in this region has developed greatly, but its art and physical education development are still far behind education development's overall level. We can say that Sichuan's Tibetan area is weak in education, and the backwardness of art and physical education is special and prominent among all the educational problems. Studying the present situation of art and physical education in Sichuan's Tibetan area and inquiring its development strategy is needed for narrowing the differences of education between different regions and developing the ethnic school education.

1. PRESENT SITUATIONS AND PROBLEMS OF ART AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION OF PRIMARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOLS IN SICHUAN'S TIBETAN AREA

1.1 Shortage of Teachers and Seriously Turnover

Teacher is the leader of classroom teaching in primary and middle schools and they make an important influence to art and physical education. Through the visiting of art teachers and physical teachers in primary and middle schools in Sichuan's Tibetan area we can find that the number of this kind of teachers is not small, but they are still scarce. For example, in Litang, a country in Tibetan region, the total student-teacher ratio in the country's primary and middle schools is 14:1 by investigating, but Notice of Opinions about Setting Quotas Standards Primary and Middle Schools ' Faculty regulates that the teacher-student ratio of a country middle school should be 1:16, a country primary school is 1:21 and a rural primary school is 1:23. It can be seen that the total teacher-student ratio of primary and middle schools in Tibetan region reached even exceeded the national standard. However, in sports, School P E. Provision rules that the studentteacher ratio of physical education should be 280:1. National Basic Tentative Standards of School 's Sports and Health Conditions produced in 2008 rules: School should be provided PE teachers according to its need for physical teaching hours and extracurricular sports activities. That main every five or six classes in first grade and second grade and every six or seven classes in third grade to ninth grade should have a PE teacher. …

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