Academic journal article Professional School Counseling

Professional School Counseling (Psc) Publication Pattern Review: A Meta-Study of Author and Article Characteristics from the First 15 Years

Academic journal article Professional School Counseling

Professional School Counseling (Psc) Publication Pattern Review: A Meta-Study of Author and Article Characteristics from the First 15 Years

Article excerpt

Professional School Counseling (PSC) recently celebrated its 15th anniversary! PSC is the flagship journal of the American School Counselor Association (ASCA), a division of the American Counseling Association (ACA). The journal is published online throughout the year by ASCA and promotes the practice of professional school counselors (ASCA, 2014).

PSC was formed from a merging of ASCA's two previous journals, The School Counselor and Elementary School Guidance and Counseling. PSC had nine editors in its first 15 years. The first volume of PSC was published in 1997-1998 under the editorial leadership of Stanley B. Baker and Chari Campbell. Dr. Baker was the sole editor of the second volume. Since then, PSC has been edited by: Christopher A. Sink, 3(1 )-3(4); Kenneth F. Hughey, 3(5)-5(5); Pamela E. Brott, 6(1 )-7(2); Richard T. Lapan, 7(3)-9(4); Richard W. Auger, 9(5)-12(5); Amy Milsom, 12(6)-14(5); and then Christopher A. Sink again for volume 15. The current editor of PSC is Chris Wood. Under these able editors, PSC has become a showcase for school counseling research and practice articles.

Erford, Miller, Duncan, and Erford (2010) identified several methods used to track and analyze time trends in journal publishing: special issues, qualitative syntheses, and quantitative meta-studies. One method requires a researcher to compile and evaluate the production of special issues or sections published in the journal. Many journal editors disseminate information and research through special issues that are timely and socially relevant. PSC published 19 special issues during the first 15 volumes.

Erford et al. (2010) suggested that a second method for assessing journal publishing trends was qualitative synthesis. Qualitative reviews ordinarily are produced by skilled scholars who specialize in the discipline under consideration and who systematically examine the content published within the journal over some period of time. The usual purpose of a qualitative review is to identify trends in article content and conclusions. No PSC qualitative syntheses were located, and few have been conducted on other counseling journals. An exception is the Career Development Quarterly which has published numerous high quality qualitative syntheses (Buboltz Sc Savickas, 1994; Loveland, Buboltz, Schwartz, Sc Gibson, 2006; Savickas, Pope, Sc Niles, 2011), although the methodological procedures varied widely.

The third suggested methodology from Erford et al. (2010) for assessing journal publication trends is called a meta-study, and this methodology forms the basis of the present PSC 15-year review. A meta-study is a quantitative review of publication patterns that describes and analyzes trends in author characteristics (e.g., demographics, domicile) and article characteristics (e.g., topical content, typology, research designs, participants, statistical methods). Over the years, many counseling journals have published meta-studies regarding publication trends, including the Journal of Counseling & Development (JCD; Arredondo, Rosen, Rice, Perez, ôc Tovar-Gamero, 2005; Blancher, Buboltz, &C Soper, 2010; Erford, Miller, et al., 2011), Counselor Education and Supervision (CES; Crockett, Byrd, Erford, Sc Hays, 2010), Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development (Bennett, Rowe, Sc Hill, 1991; Pope-Davis, Ligiero, Liang, Sc Codrington, 2001), Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development (MECD; Erford et al., 2010), Journal of Addictions and Offender Counseling (Charkow Sc Juhnke, 2001; Juhnke, Bordeau, Sc Evanoff, 2005), Journal of Employment Counseling (JEC; Erford, Crockett, Giguere, Sc Darrow, 2011), and Journal of Mental Health Counseling (JMHC; Crockett, Byrd, Sc Erford, 2012).

Although the results from these meta-studies were broad and diverse, several trends appeared across multiple counseling journals. For example, a greater proportion of research articles are being published than ever before (Crockett et al. …

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