Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Psycho-Therapeutic Process for Prevention of Recidivism in Sexually Violent Predators

Academic journal article Indian Journal of Positive Psychology

Psycho-Therapeutic Process for Prevention of Recidivism in Sexually Violent Predators

Article excerpt

Sexual act and sexual violence are sharing the same base of one and the same act yet it differs in a context with consent and intent under a specific societal and cultural norm. Sexually violent behavior (SVB) is a kind of aggression inflicted upon defenseless victim on purpose by sexually violent predators (SVP). World Health Organization (WHO) (2002) defines, "Sexually violent includes rape defined as physically forced or otherwise coerced penetration even if slight of the vulva or anus using a penis other body parts or an object"(P. 149). Sexual Drive is biological and innate. Humans have certain unchangeable characters; the desire for sex and the proneness to violent aggression towards authority and towards sexual competitors (Freud, 1929). Schneider (1988) carefully referred in his book the Darwinian thoughts, "Just as we are born with the desire to seek food when we are hungry or seek sexual release. When we are sexually aroused to we are bom with the urge to be aggressive periodically" (P.433). The sex hormones: Estrogen, Progesterone, Testosterone, Pregnenolone and DHEA by glands in endocrine system play an important role for sexual thoughts, feelings and behaviors. The Social Endocrinologist would claim that the testosterone changes are directly related to personality, mood and aggression (Joseph, 2006). The years of study by Anthropologist revealed that the low level testosterone will make people stay home, and decrease to drinking and chasing women (Ellison, 2006).

Problem

The sexual desire can be in the state of conscious mind. The sexual thoughts as such (without stimulus) are involuntary and automatic but the sexual expressions needs approval, volition, responsibility and moral and ethical codes. The sexual urge is not a biological need and is not for survival either but it can be a biological want and exists for the survival of human race in the world and for sublimation of the desire for sexual pleasure. The fulfillment of this biological wants is not as easy and simple as the other biological needs and wants. The sexual biological wants can turn out to be a burning desire or necessity to satisfy one's sexual feelings but it is a forbidden fruit. When one performs the sexual act by force, it becomes an aggression on the victim. One can not manipulate a sexual act as he/she likes as it carries the implications of the reality of health, love, relationship, commitment, responsibility, wish, intent, morality and social norms. The accomplishment of sexual act through violence on defenseless vulnerable victims the "rape" is common and frequent all over the world now days. Rape incidents in India:

The data proves that the rape incidents take place all over India irrespective of states or territories in continuous with considerable increase every year. Sexual violence against women is a universal phenomenon as per United Nation (UN) recent reports: According to a 2013 global review of available data, 35 per cent of women worldwide have experience either physical and or sexual intimate partner violence or non partner sexual violence. The developed countries are not exceptional from this sort of crime as another report showed: Between 40 and 50 per cent of women in European countries experienced unwanted sexual advances, physical contact or other forms of sexual harassment at work (UN, 2013). In the United States 83 per cent of girls aged 12 to 16 have experienced some form of sexual harassment in public schools. According to a National survey conducted in USA, 14.8% women over 17 years of age reported having been raped in their life time (WHO, 2002).

Programs

Both the victims of rape and the perpetuators of criminal violent sexual act are needed a rehabilitation program to continue their life in society. It is important to note that after serving the sentence, the convict is supposed to take up his life again in society as a normal citizen without hurting others. The removal of an offender from society and be punished may serve the justice but he/she needs to rebuild their damaged psychology for their wellbeing and for the welfare of society. …

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