Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Internet Linguistics: A Linguistic Analysis of Electronic Discourse as a New Variety of Language

Academic journal article International Journal of English Linguistics

Internet Linguistics: A Linguistic Analysis of Electronic Discourse as a New Variety of Language

Article excerpt

Abstract

The revolution in the electronic communication may give rise to new modes of communication. Electronic discourse is a new variety of language that leads to significant variations in written structure of language. Electronic discourse creates a kind of semi-speech that is between speaking and writing and it has its own features and graphology. This study attempts to present a comprehensive picture of electronic discourse as a new variety of language, its salient features. In addition, it aims to conduct linguistic analysis of the features found in the electronic discourse. The corpus of this study was 340 messages with total 4760 words. The findings indicate that only 25% of overall the corpus found to be electronic discourse. This finding come inconsistent with common notion that the students' electronic discourse is incomprehensible, extremely shortened 'code'. In addition, findings revealed that students use variety of discourse features such as shortening, clippings and contractions, unconventional spellings, word-letter replacement.

Keywords: electronic communication, electronic discourse, internet linguistics, linguistic economy

1. Introduction

Change in language occurs, as change is natural. Language, as everybody knows, is dynamic. The advent of the Internet and the rapid development of electronic communication increase the rise of new kind of language. It caused dramatic changes in the language used in the internet. The Internet is widely used in learning of second language all over the world.

Crystal (2001) declares that technology offers opportunities for linguistic research: Netspeak is a new prospect for scholarly study. He summarize that "once in a lifetime" chance provided by the emerging means of communication. An innovative scholarly research of "Internet Linguistics" contains a comparative research of the variations of electronic discourse and the expansion of language revolutionize inside these means of communication. Graddol (1997) supported the above point that the innovative electronic communications increases the rise of new variety of language. The revolutions in the electronic communication may give rise to new modes of communication. The characteristics of spoken language are shared in the style of written transcript that used in electronic mail. New modes of communication might be produced by electronic communications.

The electronic communication considered as the important linguistic means. It covers every phase of human life, as well as the education and learning of the target language. English language is considered as the most prevalent verbal language in the globe due to its usage in innovative globalized media and trade; hence, there has been a main expansion in the numeral of English speakers worldwide. The use of the Internet and computer technology has significant impact on language change and usage. It has seen the appearance of a new language that is electronic discourse (hereafter as e-discourse).

E-discourse is taking new dimensions, mainly in the way students write. Studies in recent years have shown an explosion of interest in investigating the language used by youngsters in the electronic communication. (Collot & Belmore, 1996; Herring, 1996; Davis & Brewer, 1997; Abdullah, 1998; Crystal, 2001; 2006; Thurlow, 2001; Muniandy, 2002; Thurlow & Brown, 2003; MacFadyen, Roche, & Doff, 2004; Panckhurst, 2006; Pop, 2008; Plester, Wood, & Joshi, 2009; Sun Hong-mei, 2010; Baron, 2010; Vamhagen, McFall, Pugh, Routledge, Sumida-MacDonald, & Kwong, 2010; Jonge & Kemp, 2010; Lyddy, Farina, Hanney, Farrell, & Kelly O'Neill, 2014).

In the present study, the author uses the term e-discourse to signify the written form of the language used by youngsters in the electronic communication. This study attempts to present a comprehensive picture of electronic discourse as a new variety of language, its salient features. …

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